University at Buffalo Crest

Policy Information

Date Established: 12/4/2017
Date Last Updated: 4/10/18
Category:
Administration and Governance
Responsible Office:
Financial Management
Responsible Executive:
Vice President for Finance and Administration

Policy Contents

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Allowable Use of Funds

Summary

The University at Buffalo allows for the use of State, University at Buffalo Foundation, Inc., and Research Foundation funds for the payment of reasonable and appropriate expenses incurred while conducting official university business.

Policy Statement

The University at Buffalo (UB, university) is entrusted with funds provided by various constituencies. Employees who incur or approve expenses must exercise prudent judgment to ensure that the expenses are for legitimate university business and comply with the appropriate allowability criteria. Employees are responsible for ensuring the appropriate use of funds within the constraints of limited resources.

The Allowable Use of Funds Policy governs the payment of expenditures incurred or approved by employees on behalf of the university. All expenditures funded with State, University at Buffalo Foundation (UBF), and Research Foundation (RF) accounts must be appropriate, reasonable, allowable, and allocable; they also must support the education, research, and public service missions of the university.

All university departments must implement a system of supervisory checks and balances to ensure expenditures always meet university interests. Expenditures paid from various funding sources are subject to specific requirements for use. Details regarding the use of State, UBF, RF non-sponsored, and RF sponsored funds are found in the Allowable Use of Funds Chart. The appropriate funding source is determined by the type of the expense, not by the employee’s source of payroll. Units may apply this policy more restrictively where budget and other factors are considered. Additional restrictions established at the operating unit level supersede this policy and corresponding chart.

Research Foundation Sponsored Funds

The terms and conditions of a sponsored award dictate the use of RF funds derived from that sponsored award. Each awarding mechanism (e.g., grant, contract, or cooperative agreement) is issued with guidance on the use of funding. Expenditures for sponsored activity must be allowable, reasonable, and allocable to the project.

Each sponsor provides unique terms and conditions for their award classes or sponsored programs. To ensure compliance with sponsor terms, faculty and staff may contact Sponsored Projects Services (SPS) when unsure about the terms that govern their sponsored awards. Expenditures deemed unallowable by the sponsor or an auditor will be treated under the Financial Responsibility for Sponsored Projects policy.

Prior approval and/or justification may be required for the following expenditures:

  • Equipment purchased during the last year of project funding
  • Consumables purchased in the last 30 days of the award
  • Purchases of general use supplies/equipment
  • Payroll cost transfer activity and retroactivity

Expenditures in excess of the approved project budget require use of non-sponsored funds. In these instances, the RF non-sponsored guidelines are applicable.    

Reimbursement Maximum

The maximum allowable amount for individual reimbursement is $2,500 for any single item or total aggregate cost (excluding travel). Requests in excess of this amount follow the procurement guidelines.    

Food and Beverage

When incurring expenses for the purchase of food and beverages categorized as Internal Business Meals on the corresponding Allowable Use of Funds Chart, reimbursement is limited to the per diem as determined by U.S. General Services Administration.

Amounts in excess of per diem limits are considered an exception and require the appropriate exception approval.

A maximum gratuity charge of 20 percent of the pre-tax total is permitted. If per diem is applicable (i.e., Internal Business Meals), the gratuity must be covered by the per diem maximum.    

Alcoholic Beverages

State and RF funds may not be used to pay for alcoholic beverages. RF sponsored funds may be used for alcoholic beverages only if specifically approved by the sponsor. Per person reimbursement for alcoholic beverages is restricted to the lesser of the cost of two alcoholic beverages or $15.  Alcohol reimbursements must be supported by an itemized receipt.

Sales Tax

Best efforts should be made to use the New York State (NYS) sales tax exemption certificates. Reimbursement for sales tax expenses will be considered on a case-by-case basis when the expense appears to be otherwise unavoidable. RF sponsored funds will not be used to cover sales tax expenses.

Request Reimbursement

Three options to request reimbursement/payment of allowable expenses are available:   

  • Complete an expense reimbursement request via the appropriate form or system, obtain the appropriate approvals, attach applicable documentation, and submit to the appropriate business office.
  • Complete an eReq, attach the applicable documentation, and submit the transaction through the appropriate approval process.
  • Utilize a PCard for purchases made directly from a store or vendor. The State and RF PCard cannot be used for dining in restaurants.

Documentation

Documentation must accompany payment requests and include the following:

  • Original (paper or digital) receipts or itemized invoice
    • Itemized receipts are required for any purchase that includes alcohol
  • Description of university business purpose
  • Location of the event
  • Names of the participants and their affiliation to UB
  • Brochure, program, or agenda related to the event
  • Name of the individual to be reimbursed, if appropriate
  • Exception approval form, if applicable

In addition to the items listed above, gift card expenses for human research subjects require Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval. Tax documentation (W9) is required for all cards issued in excess of $50.

Exceptions

Special circumstances may allow for exceptions on a case-by-case basis. An exception request must be initiated at the departmental level. All policy exceptions require pre-approval from the Unit Business Officer (UBO) or the RF Operations Manager (OM) (for SPS and RF non-sponsored funds). Pre-approval must be requested with reasonable notice as established by each UBO or the OM. The approver of the exception must not have attended or have incurred, in any way, the subject expenditure. To the extent that the UBO or OM was in attendance or personally incurred the subject expenditure, the approval must be advanced to the next highest approval authority.  

All exceptions to the terms of sponsored activities require strong justification and prior approval from the sponsor. Requests must be made through SPS.

Exception requests must be documented using the Allowable Use of Funds Policy – Exception Request Form.

Background

Individuals making decisions concerning expenditures of university funds have a fiduciary responsibility to ensure compliance with federal, state, and local regulations while supporting the university’s missions of education, research, and public service. This policy provides strict rules around that decision making process.

Applicability

This policy applies to all university faculty, staff, and student employees who make decisions regarding the use of funds for the purchase of food, beverages, gifts, admission/registration fees, and professional memberships.

Separate policies govern the allowable use of funds for specific purposes:

  • The Travel Guidelines detail the allowable use of funds when in travel status.
  • Equipment purchases must be secured via the appropriate procurement guidelines and policies.

Definitions

Allocable

The amount of expense for goods or services which can be charged (or allocated) to a particular unit, activity, or function because the goods or services provide a commensurate benefit to that unit, activity, or function.

Allowable

An expense is allowable when it is permissible to charge it to a particular source of funds. Expenses may be deemed allowable by law or regulation; by external parties such as donors or sponsors; or by university policy.

Approver

An individual with the authority to approve a business expense or transaction.

Business Expense

Charges for goods or services, whether paid, committed, or accrued, that foster or support the ongoing missions of the university.

Business Entertainment

The primary purpose of business entertainment is to further business relations; business entertainment is smaller in scale, includes a small number of people, and is fairly low cost; (e.g., business lunches or dinners; tickets to athletic, cultural, or other events).

Business Meal

A meal attended by faculty, staff, or students, which may or may not include individuals from outside UB, at which a substantive and bona fide business discussion takes place.

Business Purpose

In support of the goals, objectives, and mission of the university.

External Beneficiaries

Individuals who benefit from goods or services paid for with UB funds but do not have a defined affiliation with the university.  

Guest

Person(s) invited to visit the university or take part in a function organized by the university; the guest visit must be related to a business purpose and support the mission of the university.

Immediate Family

The spouse, children (son or daughter), and parents of a staff, faculty, or student employee.

Internal Beneficiaries

Individuals  that benefit from a good or services paid for with UB funds while maintaining the status of faculty, staff, student, student employee, appointed volunteer, or honoraria.

Reasonable

Those costs which a prudent person would have incurred under the circumstances prevailing at the time the decision to incur the cost was made; consider how the public would view the expense if reported in the media.

RF Funded Revenue (also called indirect costs)

Funds generated through the recovery of indirect (facilities and administrative (F&A)) costs charged on sponsored accounts, and distributed per the campus Financial Plan.

Responsible Executive

The vice president, vice provost, dean, or their designee with authority over and responsibility for the unit.  

State Funds

Include State Operating, Income Fund Reimbursable (IFR), State University Tuition Reimbursable Account (SUTRA), and Dormitory Income Fund Reimbursable (DIFR) funds.

Responsibility

Deans, Vice Presidents, Vice Provosts and University Business Officers

  • Account for all expenditures that fall within the scope of their budgetary jurisdiction.

Employee (Faculty, Staff, Student Employee)

Responsible Executive, Principal Investigator (PI), Authorized Approver

  • Review and approve requests for the use of university funds in conjunction with this policy.
  • Verify that the expense is reasonable, allowable, and allocable; consider how the public would view the expense if reported by the media.

Responsible Office

  • Determine the appropriate funding source(s) for payments.
  • Complete the appropriate paperwork and provide all required documentation; forward to the responsible executive or principal investigator for approval.

Unit Business Officer, Research Foundation Operations Manager

  • Review, and approve as appropriate, all expenditure exceptions.

Accounts Payable Representatives

  • Ensure proper documentation is included with each request.
  • Investigate transactions that do not appear to be reasonable.
  • Act as a consultant to university employees seeking guidance on the reasonableness of requests.
  • Process transactions for payment.

Internal Audit

  • Conduct ongoing reviews of all university expenditures to maintain compliance with internal policies and external requirements.

Contact Information

Office Contact Phone Email
State Angie Rzeszut 716-645-4533 rzeszut@buffalo.edu
RF Non-Sponsored Brendan Davis 716-645-2602 brdavis2@buffalo.edu
Sponsored Projects Services
Mary Kraft 716-645-4420 mekraft@buffalo.edu
UB Foundation Rose Dommer
716-645-8749 rdommer@buffalo.edu

Related Information

University Links

Forms

Related Links

History

April 2018 Revised the Allowable Use of Funds Chart, Food and Beverage Expenses, Internal Business Meals section. Previously, internal business meals provided at workshops, seminars, retreats, or strategic planning events were not an allowable State or RF Non-Sponsored expense. The revision allows State and RF Non-Sponsored funds to be used for internal business meals provided at professional development or training retreats, seminars, workshops, or strategic planning. Objectives must incorporate the sharing of subject matter expertise, communication of initiatives, or other material that is not part of the employee's day-to-day responsibilities.

Presidential Approval

Signed by President Satish K. Tripathi

Satish K. Tripathi, President

12/4/2017

Date