The Ellicott Complex is a 38-building mega-structure consisting of dormitories, dining facilities, academic departments, administrative offices, and classrooms. It was designed to house 3,200 students in the British university system style, with six 'quads' that would focus on subject matter and include faculty as residents, tied to each other by an academic and service core. This system has been abandoned, and various academic departments have relocated to Ellicott as space demands necessitated. Ellicott is notorious for its serpentine corridors and multiple pathways. The Katherine Cornell Theatre, located in the Academic Center core, is named for a well know Buffalo actress. It has long been the location for taping of shows by political satirist, Buffalo-born Mark Russell.
Joseph Ellicott (1760-1826), the first resident agent of the Holland Land Company, surveyed the Western New York wilderness in 1798. Ellicott was an early advocate of the Erie Canal. He also mapped out a radial-on-grid plan for the city of Buffalo, similar in design to the earlier plan for Washington, D.C.
Red Jacket (1758-1830) was a Seneca Indian leader who lived in the Buffalo area. For 30 years following the American Revolution, Red Jacket was a prominent voice in Seneca politics in Western New York. He believed that the Senecas should hold onto the old ways and, as the spokesperson for the conservative faction at Buffalo Creek, opposed any sale of lands to the British or the Americans. The rift between him and his uncle came to a head over the sale of land, specifically the strip of land along the Niagara River known as the Black Rock Corridor.