Campus News

Comprehensive renovation of Crosby Hall is underway

 Exterior view of Crosby Hall.

Crosby Hall, the heart of the School of Architecture and Planning's studio-based experience, is undergoing a historic renovation. Photo: Douglas Levere

By BRADSHAW HOVEY

Published September 22, 2021

Print
“The Crosby Hall renovation revives the hub of our studio experience and restores a cherished campus building and regional asset. ”
Robert Shibley, professor and dean
School of Architecture and Planning

Work on a comprehensive renovation of Crosby Hall has begun, with re-occupation by students and faculty scheduled for fall 2023.

The $28 million project will fully restore the exterior of the building to historic standards and reconfigure the interior as an airy, open, contemporary space for learning and creation. The project will also replace vital systems that will make the building comfortable, energy efficient and secure against the elements.

“The Crosby Hall renovation revives the hub of our studio experience and restores a cherished campus building and regional asset,” says Robert G. Shibley, professor and dean of the School of Architecture and Planning.

Crosby Hall, completed in 1931, was the home of the School of Management (formerly Business Administration) until 1985 when the school moved to the North Campus and the School of Architecture and Environmental Design, as it was then known, moved in. Work on the building in the 36 years since then has been decidedly piecemeal, with nothing approaching the scope of the current project.

The building has always been, in a sense, modern on the inside and classical on the outside. The limestone-clad Georgian Revival styling by E.B. Green & Sons obscured the internal reality of a modern, steel-frame building with poured concrete floors. The exterior will be fully restored — stone, slate roofs and all — while the interior, with no load-bearing walls, will allow a vastly different arrangement of partitions and spaces.

Rendering of the exterior of Crosby Hall.

The exterior of Crosby Hall, a 1931 Georgian Revival design by E.B. Green & Sons, will be fully restored — stone, slate roofs, and all. Rendering of Crosby Hall's Main Street plaza by Andrew Berman Architect.

An analysis of the existing building by the design team from Andrew Berman Architect was key to the reorganization of spaces. The team observed that the building in plan was dominated by small, closed and isolated boxes; that points of entry were confusing, cramped, and lacking a sense of arrival; and that the building lacked a central convening space.

The new layout deals with all of that, creating entry plazas on the front and back of the building; making exhibit, gallery and student lounge spaces the place of arrival on the first floor from all three entrances; and opening up the basement, second and third floors to create large spaces for roughly 120 studio positions on each. Gone will be the long, blank corridors that left a visitor wondering “where the heck am I?”

One of the serendipitous economies available in the creation of the studio environment is that traditional drafting boards — typically five feet, sometimes six feet wide — have been supplanted by more compact desks big enough to hold a computer. Still, each student is allotted a generous 80 square feet in the scheme.

Rendering of a Crosby Hall upper floor.

The renovation of Crosby Hall's upper floors will accommodate everything from individual design work, to digital collaboration, to team-based learning and full-scale construction. Studio rendering by Andrew Berman Architect.

The ground floor layout will also include two classrooms to seat 50-plus students, a 25-seat computer laboratory, a seminar room, faculty offices and assorted support spaces. The first-floor gallery will also double as a critique and meeting space to seat 120.  

Most of the occupants in Crosby will be students in the undergraduate BS in Architecture program, but will also include majors in the Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Design program, and a smaller complement of students in the 3.5-year MArch and MS in Architecture degree programs.

During the renovation, students will occupy “surge” spaces in Hayes B and C annexes, Acheson Annex and part of Parker Hall. University Facilities has allocated up to $1 million for renovations to make necessary improvements to the spaces.

Rendering of corridors withing Crosby Hall that serve as flexible spaces.

Corridors in the new Crosby Hall will serve as flexible spaces for critiques and displays of student work. Rendering by Andrew Berman Architect.

“The renovation of Crosby will transform the student experience,” says Korydon Smith, professor and chair of architecture, and head of the faculty design committee for the renovation. “It will be much more social on the ground floor, and the upper floors will offer greater flexibility — accommodating everything from individual design work, to digital collaboration, to team-based learning and full-scale construction.”

Students returning to Crosby in two years will almost certainly experience a “wow” reaction, but much of the reinvestment in the 90-year-old building will be imperceptible to the occupants. Yet repairs to the slate roof, replacement of the flat membrane roof on the spine of the building, underground drainage and waterproofing, and new fire suppression systems will be crucial to the longevity of the structure.

Rendering of studio space inside Crosby Hall.

View of the open studio design planned for Crosby Hall. With no load-bearing walls, Crosby Hall will be transformed into a series of open partitions and spaces. Rendering by Andrew Berman Architect.

Other elements of the makeover will be felt more than seen: all-new heating, ventilation and air conditioning that will allow summer sessions in a building that has often been too hot to inhabit. Pandemic-driven improvements in air filtration levels — already implemented — will also benefit those who work in Crosby.

The design also includes the historically sensitive replacement of windows and doors, including the restoration of unique windows in the attic, all of which will bring the building back to its original grandeur.

Rendering of a lounge area within Crosby Hall.

Ample daylighting, as seen in this rendering of a first-floor student lounge, contributes to Crosby Hall's target for LEED Gold certification. Rendering by Andrew Berman Architect.

“Students will also experience a level of access to digital technology that wasn’t available before this,” notes Bruce Majkowski, associate dean for analytics and facilities management.

Expanded electrical service will provide extra power in studios, classrooms, labs and lounge spaces, while greatly expanded wireless coverage will allow all students to connect simultaneously. This will include new-to-UB outdoor wireless access points in the front and back entrance plazas to support work outside during good weather. Other new educational technology will be available in studios, classrooms, seminar room and labs.

New technology will also make things easier for those who manage the buildings, with new building controls, new security cameras and swipe readers.

Crosby Hall is also set for a “deep energy retrofit” with a goal of 50% energy reduction and 25% carbon reduction. The building is on target to achieve the LEED Gold certification in support of the SUNY chancellor’s directive to work toward net zero carbon in all system buildings.  

The Crosby Hall project follows a similar historic restoration and modernization of Hayes Hall, which was completed in 2016.