Food Equity

Bangles and Berries, Meena Kadri, 2009, Unmodified

Globally, one in nine people are undernourished, and the prevalence of hunger is concentrated in the Global South (FAO, IFAD and WFP 2015). The Community for Global Health Equity Food Equity team includes Faculty Fellows from academic units across the University. Food Equity team work includes understanding the food practices of Burmese refugees in Buffalo, tracing the trajectory of land use change in conflict zones in Kashmir, and using innovative mapping technologies in Thailand to improve subsistence farmers' access to land and food.

What is Food Equity?

By Samina Raja

Food equity is the expansive concept that all people have the ability and opportunity to grow and to consume healthful, affordable, and culturally significant foods. In an equitable food system, all community members are able to grow, procure, barter, trade, sell, dispose and understand the sources of food in a manner that prioritizes culture, equitable access to land, fair and equitable prices and wages, human health, and ecological sustainability. Food equity requires that food systems be democratically controlled and community stakeholders  determine the policies that influence their food system.  

What is a community food system?

A community food system is the soil-to-soil system that enables the production, processing, distribution, acquisition, and consumption of food, and management of food waste. A CFS depends on natural resources, technologies, cultural norms, governance structures, policies and laws that shape and influence how food moves from farm to plate. An equitable CFS enhances the environmental, economic, social, and health equity of a place and its inhabitants. In the Global South, where hunger and malnutrition remain a pressing problem, community food systems are rapidly changing, creating both challenges and opportunities. Because of its complexity and breadth, community food systems are ripe for transdisciplinary scrutiny and innovation. 

In cities across the United States and in countries around the world, communities lack the ability and opportunity to access healthful, affordable, and culturally significant foods. In particular, food inequity leads to broken food systems that heighten undernourishment and hunger in low- and middle-income countries. 

Our Working Solutions

Agriculture, F Delventhal Clagett Farm Fall, 2014

8/9/17
At the end of 2014, 19.5 million people were reported to be refugees in the world, and the number has continued to rise.  In 2014, 4,085 refugees were resettled in New York State, with Erie County receiving the highest number. Resettlement is meant to be a durable, long-term habitation solution so refugees can lead full, healthy lives. However, refugees are often resettled in neighborhoods that expose populations to a variety of health risks. 
8/7/17
Presented at the 56th Annual Conference of the American Collegiate Schools of Planning in Portland, Oregon, this working paper documents how land use change, poor planning decisions, and recent extreme weather events coupled with the arrival of the global food system affect production and consumption of healthy foods, particularly haakh (a green much like collards), in the Kashmir region of India. At the time of the presentation the working paper was a review of the small body of literature and government documents available. Interviews will be conducted with farmers and residents in Kashmir during Spring of 2017.
8/7/17
Smallholder farmers produce over 80% of the world’s food but are often poor and food-insecure themselves (FAO, 2014). Food insecurity is linked to a host of diet-related health outcomes, including the so-called “double burden” of deficient and excessive caloric intake. 

Our Team

Faculty Fellows

So Ra Baek

Assistant Professor

Department of Urban and Regional Planning

Hayes A 19

Email: sorabaek@buffalo.edu

Martha Bohm

Assistant Professor

Architecture

319 Hayes Hall

Phone: 716-829-5214

Email: marthabo@buffalo.edu

Ying (Jessica) Cao

Assistant Professor

Division of Health Services Policy and Practice, Epidemiology and Environmental Health

268G-H Farber Hall

Phone: 716-829-5369; Fax: 716-829-2979

Email: ycao25@buffalo.edu

Alex Judelsohn

Research Associate

Food Systems Planning and Healthy Communities Lab

Isok Kim

Assistant Professor

Social Work

667 Baldy Hall

Phone: 716-645-1252

Email: isokkim@buffalo.edu

Rajiv Kishore

Associate Professor

Management Science and Systems

325N Jacobs Management Center

Phone: 716-645-3507; Fax: 716-645-6117

Email: rkishore@buffalo.edu

Lucia Leone

Assistant Professor

Community Health and Health Behavior

333 Kimball Tower

Phone: 716-829-6953

Email: lucialeo@buffalo.edu

Sara Metcalf

Associate Professor

Geography

115 Wilkeson Quad

Phone: 716-645-0479

Email: smetcalf@buffalo.edu

Heather Orom

Associate Professor and Director of Graduate Studies

Department of Community Health and Health Behavior

304 Kimball Tower Buffalo, NY 14214

Phone: 716-829-6682; Fax: 716-829-6040

Email: horom@buffalo.edu

Harvey Palmer

Chair and Associate Professor

Political Science

514 Park Hall

Phone: 716-645-8449

Email: hpalmer@buffalo.edu

Samina Raja

Associate Professor

Department of Urban and Regional Planning

Hayes C 05P

Phone: 716-829-5881

Email: sraja@buffalo.edu

John Ringland

Associate Professor

Mathematics

244 Mathematics Building

Phone: 716-645-8773; Fax: 716-645-5039

Email: ringland@buffalo.edu

Sarah Robert

Assistant Professor

Department of Learning and Instruction

514 Baldy Hall

Phone: 716-645-4046

Email: sarah@buffalo.edu

Debabrata (Debu) Talukdar

Professor

Marketing

234B Jacobs Management Center

Phone: 716-645-3243

Email: dtalukda@buffalo.edu

Hua (Helen) Wang

Associate Professor

Communication

309 Baldy Hall

Phone: 716-645-1501

Email: hwang23@buffalo.edu

Marion Werner

Assistant Professor

Geography

111 Wilkeson Quad

Phone: 716-645-0475

Email: wernerm@buffalo.edu

Wenyao Xu

Assistant Professor

Computer Science and Engineering

330 Davis Hall

Phone: 716-645-4748

Email: wenyaoxu@buffalo.edu

Student Associates

Subashni Raj

PhD Candidate

Urban and Regional Planning

Erin Sweeney

Graduate Student

Urban and Regional Planning

Wit Wichaidit

PhD Candidate

Epidemiology and Environmental Health