Copyright guarantees rights to owner of a work, including commercial gain, but copyright works can be used under Fair Use. Fair Use, section 107 of the copyright law, allows for criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship and research.
The four factor test is used to determine fair use:
Each fair use case must be reviewed independently. To assist in your fair use review, UB libraries maintains a Copyright and Fair Use website.
Educause also has a lengthy summary of how Fair Use applies to higher education and provides a lot of advice on how to approach the use of copyrighted materials.
If you receive a copyright infringement notice or a letter from a lawyer, contact your IT chair and seek legal counsel.
Downloading commercially available music and sharing it on a P2P network.
Quoting passages from a book in a report for a class assignment.
If you download illegally, you could pay a $250,000 fine. Here are four ways to protect yourself: