Master's Degree Programs

Image of graduate student from Geography.

Graduate students may either choose a concentration or design a program of study that corresponds with the student’s interests and satisfies the general requirements of the degree program.

The Master of Arts (M.A.)

  • Admission to the program is open to students who hold a bachelor's degree in any discipline. Some concentrations may expect previous coursework in mathematics.

Curriculum requirements for M.A. in General Geography

General MA. in Geography

The general M.A. degree (30 credits) has the following requirements:

Option 1: GEO 500 Introduction to Graduate Geography

              GEO 501 Research Design

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics 

Option 2: GEO 504 Geography Seminar  

              One (1) GEO methods course (TBD)

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics

In addition to 30 credits hours of graduate coursework the student must complete a research project or competency portfolio. 

* May be waived from GEO 505 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

 

Curriculum requirements for M.A. in International Trade

MA. in International Trade

  • The program typically requires one to two years of full-time study, although students can pursue the degree on a part-time basis. The department highly encourages students to consider internships to expand their learning experience
  • The MA program requires 30 credit hours and completion of either a research project or competency portfolio.
  • High value benefits: regular meetings with faculty advisor as needed, affordable tuition, strong graduate students
  • The International Trade degree provides high-impact experiential learning that develops skills employers are looking for.

Required Courses           

GEO 505* Univariate Statistics in Geography OR Geo 509 Multivariate Statistics

GEO 531 Introduction to International Business and World Trade

GEO 625 Global Business Landscapes

GEO 632 Macro Issues in Trade and Development

GEO 634 International Business Cultures

GEO 636 Spatial Problems of Multinational Corporations

GEO 640 The Asia-Pacific Economy

Culminating Experience and Electives              

Approved Electives (0-9 credits) 

GEO 631 Research Guidance (0-3 credits)

GEO 741 ITC Internship and Research Project [0-6 credits)

Required courses and electives must total 30 credit hours.

Electives may be in Geography, or in other fields such as Economics, Management, Political Science, Law or Foreign Languages. 

* May be waived from GEO 505 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

Curriculum requirements for M.A. with concentrations

Geographic Information Science

  • The program typically requires one to two years of full-time study, although students can pursue the degree on a part-time basis. The department highly encourages students to consider internships to expand their learning experience
  • Students are able to earn an M.A. degree in Geography with specialization in Geographic Information Science after completing 30 credit hours of graduate coursework and a competency portfolio OR a research project.
  • We expect that students have some experience with GIS and quantitative methods (e.g. some university math or statistics).
  • High value benefits: Exceptional number of GIS faculty, regular meetings with faculty advisor as needed, affordable tuition, strong graduate students, access to NCGIA.
  • The GIS degree provides  high-impact experiential learning that develops skills employers are looking for.
Example curriculum to obtain MA in GIS in one-year
  • Fall (13-cr): GEO  504 Geography Seminar (1-cr), GEO 505 Univariate Statistics (4-cr), GEO 506 Geographic Information Systems (4-cr), GEO 553 Remote Sensing (4-cr)

  • Spring (14-cr): GEO 559 GIS for Environmental Modeling (4-cr), GEO 575 GIS Data Science Project Management (3-cr), GEO 590 Census Data and Their Use (3-cr), GEO 655 Scripting ArcGIS with Python (3-cr), GEO GEO 631 Research Guidance (1-cr, to prepare competency portfolio).

  • Summer (3-cr): GEO 741 Geography Internship

Required Courses

Option 1: GEO 500 Introduction to Graduate Geography

              GEO 501 Research Design

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics 

              GEO 506** Geographic Information Systems              

Option 2: GEO 504 Geography Seminar  

              One (1) GEO methods course (TBD)

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics 

              GEO 506** Geographic Information Systems

Elective Courses

GEO 519 Transportation

GEO 520 Transportation and Spatial Information

GEO 530 Urban Geography

GEO 550 Introduction to Graduate Cartography

GEO 551 Cartography and Geographic Visualization

GEO 552 Special Topics in Cartography

GEO 553 Remote Sensing

GEO 554 Network and Location Analysis

GEO 555 GIS Algorithms and Data Structures

GEO 556 GIS Design

GEO 557 Thematic Cartography

GEO 559 GIS and Environmental Modeling

GEO 564 Mobility and Flows

GEO 574 Urban Transportation and Land Use Modeling

GEO 575 Landscape Modeling with GIS

GEO 591 Introduction to Geographic Information Science

GEO 592 Cognitive Geography and Geographical Cognition

GEO 594 Geographic Information and Society

GEO 595 Database Design

GEO 597 Geostatistics

GEO 605 Spatial Statistics

GEO 655 Advanced Topics in GIS

Tutorial Courses

GEO 534 Graduate Research Problems (Independent Study)

GEO 631 Research Guidance [used while working on portfolio or project)

GEO 742 Geography Internship

* May be waived from GEO 505 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

** May be waived from GEO 506 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

 

Earth Systems Science

  • Students are able to earn an M.A. degree in Geography with specialization in Earth Systems Science after completing 30 credit hours of graduate coursework and a research project or portfolio.
  • High value benefits: regular meetings with faculty advisor as needed, affordable tuition, strong graduate students

Required Courses

Option 1: GEO 500 Introduction to Graduate Geography

              GEO 501 Research Design

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics 

Option 2: GEO 504 Geography Seminar  

              One (1) GEO methods course (TBD)

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics 

Elective Courses

GEO 515 Conservation Biogeography

GEO 544 Environmental Change

GEO 547 Advanced Earth Systems Science

GEO 548 Stream Restoration

GEO 549 Fluvial Geomorphology

GEO 561 Ecohydrology

GEO 570 Integrated Watershed Management

GEO 575 Landscape Modeling with GIS

Other courses with adviser approval.

 

Tutorial Courses

GEO 534 Graduate Research Problems (Independent Study)

GEO 631 Research Guidance (used while working on portfolio/project)

GEO 742 Geography Internship

* May be waived from GEO 505 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

Environmental Modeling & Analysis

Required Courses

Option 1: GEO 500 Introduction to Graduate Geography

              GEO 501 Research Design

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics 

              GEO 506** Geographic Information Systems              

Option 2: GEO 504 Geography Seminar  

              One (1) GEO methods course (TBD)

              GEO 505* Univariate Statistics 

              GEO 506** Geographic Information Systems

3-4 of the following Elective Courses for Physical and Environmental Theory with at least two courses in Geography

GEO 515 Conservation Biogeography

GEO 544 Environmental Change

GEO 545 Restoration Ecology

GEO 547 Advanced Earth Systems Science

GEO 549 Fluvial Geomorphology

GEO 575 Landscape Modeling with GIS

GLY 514 Hydrogeology

GLY 539 Sedimentology

GLY 562 Aqueous Geochemistry

GLY 563/4 Advanced Environmental Hydrogeology

BIO 507 Advanced Ecology

BIO 530 Population Biology

BIO 552 Limnology

CIE 535 Geoenvironmental Engineering

CIE 550 Hydrology

CIE 552 Water Resources Engineering

One of the following Elective Courses for Tools in Geographic Information Science

GEO 509 Multivariate Statistics

GEO 597 Geostatistics

GEO 605 Spatial Statistics

Two of the following courses (at least one Geography analysis course):

GEO 551 Cartography & Geovisualization

GEO 553 Remote Sensing

GEO 559 GIS & Environmental Modeling

GLY 560 GIS for Earth Scientists

PD 569  GIS Applications

PD 571  3D Visual and Urban Simulation

CIE 507 GIS Applications

MTH 568 Lectures on Computational Mathematics

Two of the following Elective Courses for Environment & Society

GEO 594 Geographic Information & Society

PD 568  Environmental Planning and Policy

CIE 552 Water resources planning and development (not offered?)

CIE 569 Hazardous waste management

LAW 672 Environmental Law

LAW 866 Environmental Colloquium

Other courses with adviser approval.

Tutorial Courses

GEO 534 Graduate Research Problems (Independent Study)

GEO 631 Research Guidance [used while working on portfolio or project)

GEO 742 Geography Internship

* May be waived from GEO 505 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

** May be waived from GEO 506 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

Students are expected to have completed previous coursework in univariate statistics (1 semester), calculus and analytic geometry or linear mathematics (2 semesters). Working knowledge of at least one high-level programming language, such as, Visual Basic or C++ would be beneficial. Students are welcome to satisfy deficiencies in these areas during their graduate tenure, and must realize that doing so may extend the time to completion of degree.

 

Urban & Regional Analysis

Required Courses

Option 1: GEO 500 Introduction to Graduate Geography

              GEO 501 Research Design           

              GEO 506* Geographic Information Systems     

              GEO 509 Multivariate Statistics in Geography

              (Note: GEO 505 Univariate Statistics is a prerequisite)         

Option 2: GEO 504 Geography Seminar  

              One (1) GEO methods course (TBD)

              GEO 506* Geographic Information Systems

              GEO 509 Multivariate Statistics in Geography

              (Note: GEO 505 Univariate Statistics is a prerequisite)

Elective Courses

GEO 507 Location Theory

GEO 512 Geography of Health

GEO 518 Population Geography

GEO 519 Transportation

GEO 530 Urban Geography

GEO 554 Network and Location Analysis

GEO 574 Transportation and Land Use Modeling

GEO 593 Dynamic Modeling

GEO 605 Spatial Statistics

Other courses adviser approval.

Tutorial Courses

GEO 534 Graduate Research Problems (Independent Study)

GEO 631 Research Guidance [used while working on portfolio or project)

GEO 742 Geography Internship

* May be waived from GEO 506 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

Transportation & Business Geographics

The M.A. degree in Geography with specialization in Transportation & Business Geographics is not being offered at this time.

Required Courses

Option 1: GEO 500 Introduction to Graduate Geography

              GEO 501 Research Design           

              GEO 506* Geographic Information Systems     

              GEO 509 Multivariate Statistics in Geography  

              (Note: GEO 505 Univariate Statistics is a prerequisite)  

              GEO 519 Transportation

              GEO 534 Graduate Research Problems      

Option 2: GEO 504 Geography Seminar  

              One (1) GEO methods course (TBD)

              GEO 506* Geographic Information Systems

              GEO 509 Multivariate Statistics in Geography

              (Note: GEO 505 Univariate Statistics is a prerequisite)

              GEO 519 Transportation

              GEO 534 Graduate Research Problems

Three of the following: 

GEO 520 Transportation and Spatial Information

GEO 554 Network and Location Analysis

GEO 564 Mobility and Flows

GEO 574 Urban Transportation and Land Use Modeling

GEO 666 Geography of Information

One of the following:    

GEO 507 Location Theory

GEO 518 Population Geography

GEO 530 Urban Geography

GEO 531 Introduction to International Business and World Trade

GEO 605 Spatial Statistics

ECO 521 Urban Economics

PD 562  Transportation, Land Use, and Urban Form

MGS 616 Decision Support Systems

Tutorial Courses

GEO 534 Graduate Research Problems (Independent Study)

GEO 631 Research Guidance [up to 6 credits](GEO 631 is used while working on portfolio or project)

GEO 742 Geography Internship

* May be waived from GEO 506 on a case-by-case basis with appropriate prior undergraduate training at the discretion of the DGS or Chair

**The department is not accepting students into the Transportation & Business Geographics concentration at this time.

The Master of Science (M.S.)

  • The Master of Science (M.S.) program is aimed at students, who want to specialize in applications of analytical techniques in the field of geography and intend to pursue a doctoral degree or a career in research, development, and consulting.
  • We offer M.S. in Geography and M.S. in GIS
  • Admission to the program is open to students who hold a bachelor's degree in any discipline. Students admitted to the program are expected to show proficiency in calculus, univariate and multivariate statistics, and introductory GIS at the time of admission. Students who do not meet the minimum qualifications are advised to make up deficiencies before entering the M.S. program.

Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts (B.A./M.A.) - Geography

  • The Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts (B.A./M.A.) program is aimed at students interested in international economic and business geographies.


For more information on this graduate program, please send an email with your request to geog@buffalo.edu