Release Date: September 5, 2018
BUFFALO, N.Y. — In the morning, under a big Arctic sky, in a wild part of the world with no paved roads or electric lines, University at Buffalo geologist Elizabeth Thomas would board a small pontoon and motor out onto a lake.
Beside her, on a typical day, would be a team of three UB geology students: undergraduate Kayla Hollister; master’s student Meg Corcoran; and PhD student Allison Cluett.
They carried with them the instruments of science: Work gloves. Waterproof boots. Glass vials. Spools of heavy-duty cording. Bright-white PVC tubes, which are used to collect cylindrical samples of lakebed mud whose ancient layers hold clues about a region’s prehistoric temperature and precipitation.
The researchers would focus intently on their work. Then, they would return to shore to be greeted by Anna McKee, a Seattle-based visual artist armed with an arsenal of her own tools: pencils, cotton rag paper and a small kit of watercolors.
“She would sit and draw us on the lake as we were working, and it would be this beautiful sketch of the lake, and we would be like this” — Thomas holds up two fingers to indicate a space smaller than the surface of a dime.
“Having Anna there, she looks at the world with a totally different mindset than I do as a scientist,” says Thomas, PhD, a climate researcher and assistant professor of geology in the UB College of Arts and Sciences. “When I look at the landscape, I see definitions: U-shaped valley. Kame terrace. Here’s where a glacier was, and it was this long ago, and then the plants came. It’s not like everything is labeled — but it’s almost like that.
“And Anna just sees the beautiful shapes. Having her with us really enhanced the experience in the moment.”
McKee joined Thomas’ team in Greenland for 12 days this July to observe the scientists at work in a remote wilderness. The expedition — including McKee’s visit — was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF). The artist and researchers’ shared objective on this journey? To tell the story of Earth’s environmental past and how the planet may change as it warms.
Artist Anna McKee's sketchbook, pictured next to a boulder where she sat and drew during the Greenland trip. The sketch shows the scientists’ pontoon boat floating on an isolated lake. Sketches like these are not finished works; like photographs, they document McKee's observations, and will inform future projects that she plans to complete, such as drawings, etchings and a sculpture. Credit: Anna McKee
The team’s bright orange tents dot the shore of a lake, set against the wild beauty of a remote region of Greenland. Credit: Anna McKee
Vials containing plant samples collected for water and wax isotope analyses, which will aid the scientists in understanding the region’s past climate. Credit: Anna McKee
Vials containing plant samples collected for water and wax isotope analyses, which will aid the scientists in understanding the region’s past climate Credit: Anna McKee
Left to right, in Greenland: UB geology undergraduate student Kayla Hollister; UB Assistant Professor of Geology Elizabeth Thomas; Artist Anna McKee; UB geology PhD student Allison Cluett; UB geology master’s student Meg Cocoran; and Margie Turrin, education coordinator for the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University. Credit: Anna McKee
UB geology PhD student Allison Cluett (left) and UB geology undergraduate Kayla Hollister work on the researchers’ pontoon boat in Greenland. The boat includes a coring platform used to collect cylindrical samples of lakebed mud. Credit: Anna McKee
Elizabeth Thomas, UB assistant professor of geology, inspects a lake sediment core, which contains mud from the bottom of a Greenland lake. Such samples can be analyzed for clues about the history of precipitation in a region. Credit: Anna McKee
The research team traveled to isolated parts of Greenland accessible only by helicopter. Credit: Anna McKee
Members of the research team meet their helicopter. Left to right: UB geology undergraduate student Kayla Hollister; UB Assistant Professor of Geology Elizabeth Thomas; and Margie Turrin, education coordinator for Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University. Credit: Anna McKee
The team’s tents bring a pop of orange to a landscape rich in green, gray and brown. Credit: Anna McKee
This is how McKee explains her work on her website:
“My art is an exploration of memories that accumulate in the physical world, specifically where human history intersects a longer time span.”
“I draw to explore ideas about land and how it is altered through time.”
Climate science ties into these themes. McKee is fascinated by the way information about the Earth’s history is stored in landscapes — in geologic formations carved by retreating glaciers; or in ice sheets formed from thin layers of snow that, deposited year after year, can be read by scientists to discern how the planet’s climate has changed over the millennia.
In 2009-10, McKee joined researchers in Antarctica as they drilled two miles into the ice to retrieve samples of frozen water containing the chemical signature of ancient temperature fluctuations. Her sketches and observations led to “WAIS Reliquary: 68,000 Years,” a multimedia sculptural installation, including 3,405 samples of water from the ice core the scientists collected, organized to represent 68,000 years of climate history. Other finished works included paintings of the landscape and haunting etchings of the camp — an isolated human presence on a seemingly endless expanse of white.
“WAIS Reliquary: 68,000 Years.” By Anna McKee, installed at the Center for Visual Art, Metropolitan State University of Denver, 2017. The sculpture — featuring 3405 flame-sealed glass capsules filled with water from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide ice core — was inspired by time she spent with climate scientists in Antarctica. Credit: Anna McKee
Detailed view of “WAIS Reliquary: 68,000 Years.” This work by Anna McKee — installed at the Center for Visual Art, Metropolitan State University of Denver in 2017 — uses scientific data to arrange the capsules, creating an abstracted graph of 68,000 years of temperature history. Credit: Anna McKee
“WAIS Reliquary: 68,000 Years.” By Anna McKee, installed at the Center for Visual Art, Metropolitan State University of Denver, 2017. The sculpture is a multi-media installation, including 8-channel sound by artist Steve Peters. Credit: Anna McKee
“I was struck by how much seemed familiar in a landscape that was so foreign,” McKee writes on her website. “There was a machine shop to repair the ice drill, and domestic comforts like laundry, showers and a commercial kitchen. But there were also ice crystals floating in the air creating fantastic optical effects. The ever-present wind daily swept away the snow groomer’s efforts to keep a clear skiway for flights.”
McKee’s visit to Greenland, observing UB researchers and the landscape they are studying, intends to build on this work.
The average morning at an Arctic field research camp goes like this:
Get up. Convene in the kitchen tent. Pour yourself a cup of coffee, and eat a breakfast of dried fruit and oatmeal and maple syrup and nuts. Call the NSF’s polar services contractor to check in at 7:45: Yes, we are OK.
Then it’s time to gear up and head out.
“When I’m in the field, my main goal is to sit and draw, and that’s how I get a lot of material for work that I do later,” McKee says, recounting her average day in Greenland. “It’s my version of taking samples or field notes. And that was very much weather-dependent, so when the weather was cooperative, I would set up to draw, and when it was raining or too windy, I would watch what they were doing, go on the hikes with them or help gather samples and carry gear.”
From her sketches, photographs and notes, McKee has begun to formulate an idea of future works she will complete to capture the story of the science that Thomas and colleagues are doing.
Thomas, Hollister, Corcoran and Cluett are part of a larger, multi-institutional team led by UB geology professor Jason Briner, PhD. Their research, the $2.9 million Snow on Ice project, explores how warmer temperatures and changes in Arctic precipitation could affect the Greenland Ice Sheet — the second-largest body of ice on Earth — and influence global sea level rise. In addition to UB students, the summer trip Thomas organized included Margie Turrin, education coordinator for Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, a partner on the science.
McKee plans to start her work with a series of landscape drawings and a suite of etchings. She’d also like to gather leftover materials from the research — maybe silt or lake water or tiny pieces of broken rock, depending on what samples are available — to create another sculptural reliquary.
Having an artist as a travel companion didn’t slow down the pace of life in Greenland; field research is expensive, so Thomas and her team worked to make every minute count. But McKee’s presence invited the scientists to see their surroundings in a new light, says Thomas, who has traveled to Greenland for research four times.
“It was so much fun to have Anna with us. She drew these beautiful landscapes that we were in, and it was so interesting, because we got to see it through her eyes. It wasn’t just a photograph — this was her impression of the landscape. And the details were amazing.
“The art that Anna is creating is another way to reach out to a broader audience about the science. It’s really a wonderful way to make our work more accessible.”
McKee says that in the end, the job of the artist and scientist intersect. The tools are different, but the mission is, in some ways, the same: “We’re both looking at the world to understand it and find a language to communicate our observations. We’re interpreting what we see and bringing it into the world to share it with other people.”
Packed and ready to go! UB climate researchers take one last photo on UB’s North Campus before heading to Greenland. Left to right: geology PhD student Allison Cluett, Assistant Professor of Geology Elizabeth Thomas, geology undergraduate student Kayla Hollister, and geology master’s student Meg Cocoran.
UB Assistant Professor of Geology Elizabeth Thomas gets ready to board a plane to Greenland. She and fellow scientists — along with artist Anna McKee — hitched a ride with the 109th Airlift Wing of the New York Air National Guard.
The research team traveled to isolated parts of Greenland accessible only by helicopter. Credit: Elizabeth Thomas
UB geology undergraduate student Kayla Hollister (left, in blue), and Margie Turrin, education coordinator for Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory. Credit: Elizabeth Thomas
The researchers built a simple pontoon. They rode the boat into the middle of isolated lakes to collect samples of lake-bottom mud, which holds clues about the history of precipitation in a region. Credit: Elizabeth Thomas
UB researchers including Assistant Professor of Geology Elizabeth Thomas (sitting); geology master’s student Meg Cocoran (left, standing); and geology PhD student Allison Cluett (right, standing).
Left to right: UB students Kayla Hollister, Allison Cluett and Meg Corcoran were part of the research expedition headed by Elizabeth Thomas, assistant professor of geology (not pictured). Credit: Elizabeth Thomas
Left to right: Artist Anna McKee; Margie Turrin, education coordinator for Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory; and UB students Meg Corcoran, Kayla Hollister and Allison Cluett. The group is pictured in Greenland, where UB is leading a research project to learn about historical climate trends in the region. Credit: Elizabeth Thomas