Minor in Philosophy, Politics and Economics


A minor in Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE) is a perfect companion to a major in Economics, Political Science, Law, Geography, Sociology, Criminology, or Philosophy.  It is a great option for anyone interested in pursuing a career in law, the social science, politics, or business.  Additionally, it is a fantastic and flexible way of learning about the political world around you.

Completing the PPE Minor Program

Academic Advice

Students interested in a PPE minor may contact the Director of the PPE Program for additional information and academic advice.

Contact: Ryan Muldoon, PhD, Director of the PPE Program, via email, rmuldoon@buffalo.edu 

Transfer Credit Policy 

Comparable transfer courses may count toward the PPE minor at the discretion of the Director of the PPE Program.

Required Courses

The minor in PPE requires a total of 21 credit hours. Students must complete 7 courses, with most courses consisting of three (3) credits.

Core Courses 
(12–13 credits)

2 courses from different departments (6 credits)


Political Science


(3 credits)

  • PHI 485 Integrating Insights from Philosophy, Politics and Economics

Total Credit Hours Required

Total Credits Required for Minor: 21

Minors and certificates must be completed in conjunction with a major and all university degree requirements must be met.

Students should consult with an academic advisor to determine how any transfer or exam credit might be utilized in meeting general education, prerequisite, or major requirements.