The Baldy Center proudly supports conferences, workshops and research projects that advance our understanding of law, legal institutions, and social policy. This page provides a listing of recent grant awards, as well as those awarded since 2006.
Kim Diana Connolly (UB School of Law)
RESILIENCE BEFORE THE DISASTER ARRIVES: Deploying Inter-University Multisectoral Convergent Collaboration Toward a New Disaster Preparation and Response Ethic
Abstract: Disasters abound - tornadoes in Mississippi, wildfires in California, a record-breaking 2022 blizzard in Buffalo, Hurricane Fiona in Puerto Rico and Florida (only a Category 1, but due to failure to appropriately invest in recovery from 2017's Hurricane Maria, very deadly), and many more. Climate change is going to lead to increased numbers and intensities in disasters. This conference will bring together experts who have been collaborating since before Hurricane Maria to offer a series of papers designed to be finalized as book chapters in a book with the same name as the conference proposal: RESILIENCE BEFORE THE DISASTER ARRIVES: Deploying Inter-University Multisectoral Convergent Collaboration Toward a New Disaster Preparation and Response Ethic.
Jorge Fabra-Zamora (UB School of Law)
Law Beyond the State and Legal Theory
Abstract: The objective of this workshop is to gather leading legal scholars for an intensive discussion on original work about putative forms of legal phenomena beyond the state, such as indigenous and customary law, international law, international and regional human rights law, the European Union, transnational legal orders, and global legal phenomena. Contributions could deal with analytical or conceptual issues about the idea of law or fundamental legal concepts (rights, duty, etc.); normative issues involving legitimacy, justice, obedience, and related questions; legal reasoning and the use of non-state norms in doctrinal disputes; particular jurisprudence developing detailed accounts of specific non-state legal phenomena; or methodological questions inquiring about the best way to approach those topics.
Lucinda Finley (UB School of Law)
Reproductive Justice and Health Equities Post-Dobbs: a Legal, Medical, Community Dialogue
Abstract: This interdisciplinary conference will explore the multiple legal, medical, societal and political upheavals caused by the reversal of Roe v Wade in the recent Dobbs decision. These upheavals highlight the need for increased interdisciplinary dialogue, education, research and advocacy between people working in law, medicine, public health, social work, and those in the community trying to navigate the challenges of seeking or providing the broad range of services that people need to have safe and healthy reproductive and family lives. The particularly disparate impacts of Dobbs' upheavals on women of color, poor women, immigrant women, rural women, and women who are not yet independent adults, have increased the urgency of expanding the framework through which the legal and medical challenges are understood and addressed, moving from the traditional notions of "reproductive rights" or "reproductive health care," to that of "reproductive justice."
David Herzberg (UB History)
Biennial Meeting of the Alcohol and Drugs History Society
Abstract: The Alcohol and Drug History Society (ADHS), founded in 1979, is the leading global organization for interdisciplinary scholars interested in the history of psychoactive substances--legal and illegal--including production, commerce, use, science, policy, politics, and culture. Members research and write about law and social policy, and also intervene in it directly in a variety of ways, including serving as expert witnesses (in tobacco and opioid litigation, for example) and advising Congress (on generic drugs, the opioid crisis, and other issues).
The biennial meeting brings together 150 of the world's top historians and scholars of alcohol and other drugs. It was held most recently in Mexico City (2022) and Shanghai (2020). The 2024 Buffalo meeting will be an opportunity to showcase UB's research and accomplishments in the addictions space, and to explore historical perspectives on a time of US and global challenges to drug wars and pharmaceutical patent systems.
Shaun Irlam (UB Comparative Literature)
Alison Des Forges Memorial Symposium
The funding will support the 2024 Spring Symposium.
Research grant recipients include UB faculty and graduate students:
FACULTY RESEARCH GRANTS
Ashley Barr (UB Sociology)
Gentrification, Romantic Relationships, and Well-being among Young Adults
Abstract: Gentrification - the process whereby urban neighborhoods experiencing long periods of disinvestment and economic decline undergo rapid (re)investment - results from a confluence of local, state, and national policy decisions and practices (Hwang 2016). The sociological literature and political conversations about gentrification have focused on its driving forces, its consequences for the economic well-being of neighborhoods and the displacement of longtime residents, and its consequences for crime and racial inequality (Barton et al. 2020; Hwang and Ding 2020). The proposed work extends this literature to consider the implications of gentrification for the development, quality, and longevity of young adult romantic relationships, and, ultimately, for health and well-being. In doing so, we add to sociolegal debates about the role of social policy, particularly urban development policy, in family change and health inequality.
Michelle Benson (UB Political Science)
United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Civil Conflict Resolution Data Set Extension, 2017-2023 and UNSC Resolutions Penholder Dataset 2003-2023
Abstract: The impact of the United Nations peacekeeping on civil war has been well-established in the empirical conflict-management literature. However, to truly understand how the UN addresses and hopes to impact civil conflict, it is necessary to also examine the full scope of actions the UN may take to manage conflicts across time and space. Such conflict management actions are formally stated within UN Security Council Resolutions. A growing amount of research has acknowledged the importance of these resolutions, however, current datasets are limited both time and in scope. The budget requests for this project focus on remedying this deficiency by providing support for the expansion of a currently existing UNSC dataset and also support for the collection of data on UNSC resolutions with penholders. If funded, the grant would help fund document collection and data gathering at the United Nations (UN) library and provide funding for research assistants for data coding.
Matthew Dimick (UB School of Law)
The Law and Economics of Income Inequality
Abstract: Can the law reduce income inequality in America? I am preparing a manuscript, The Law and Economics of Income Inequality, which is a new theoretical approach to the debate on how to respond to rising income inequality. My book provides stronger foundations for using legal rules to redistribute income. It also seeks to break down the intellectual and ideological barriers created by law-and-economics scholars, who claim that the income-tax system should be the exclusive instrument for redistributing income and that redistributive legal rules are misguided and wasteful.
Veljko Fotak (UB Finance, School of Management)
A Tale of Two IPOs
Abstract: The goal of this project is to advance research on how firms choose in which country to list and trade their shares, with a particular emphasis on the importance of legal and institutional factors, and on the implications of these choices for firm valuation and market development. The first short-term deliverable, to be completed over the summer of 2023, is a case study analysis of the listing choices of two specific firms, Saudi Aramco and Ant Financial, to be used as pedagogical material for in-classroom instruction for graduate business courses.
Jordan Fox (UB Sociology)
Life Finds a Way: The Limits to the Social Control of Nature
Abstract: This book argues that the reductionist approach taken in law, finance, and popular scientific discourse is used to strategically ignore the complexity of socio-environmental systems, especially over long timeframes. By reducing and simplifying inherently complex systems, those who run our legal, financial and scientific systems can claim to understand and account for risk in equitable ways, and as a result are given immense power to re-engineer nature. Nevertheless, these processes of reduction and simplification often ignore the fundamental way these interactive and complex systems work, magnifying environmental harm and social inequality. Simplifying environmental processes, in providing false comfort, paradoxically leads us to ignore a multitude of existing risks, create new unintended risks, and use ineffective tools to manage the newly elevated risks of climate change and other emergent environmental problems. Conceptually, this book argues that it is imperative policy.
Meredith Lewis (UB School of Law)
Omnilateralism and its Discontents: Reconceptualizing the Multilateral Trading System
Abstract: This research will contribute to a monograph project of the same title. The research will help progress 1) my critique that the expectation that World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations should operate on a "single undertaking" basis in which all members must agree to all commitments. This expectation is based on the WTO's creation having been effected through an all-or-nothing package deal, and the subsequent Round of negotiations being framed as a "single undertaking". I will argue that requiring all participants to agree to everything constitutes "omnilateralism", and that "multilateralism" implies many, but not all; and 2) my position that the historical norm (including the WTO-precursor General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) has been true multilaterlism (what is now called plurilateralism), and that the "single undertaking" concept has been misinterpreted, with the original intent being different from what is now recalled.
Lynn Mather (UB School of Law)
The Impact of Regulatory Structures on Lawyers' Ethical Compliance in Different Fields of Practice
Abstract: How do formal and informal regulatory structures affect lawyers in different fields of practice? How do they affect both perceptions of lawyer misconduct and the reality of lawyer deviance in these fields? Those are the central questions of this research project. There is clearly variation by legal field in bar grievances and in malpractice complaints. The University of Michigan Law Alumni Research Dataset provides survey evidence of variation in lawyers' perceptions of ethical conduct by legal field. I used these data in chapters I published in 2011 and 2012. Additional data on other variables were available then but not in a readily usable form.
The survey stopped in 2006 but was restarted in 2014 and transformed for Stata analysis. I seek funding now for a research assistant s to aid in analyzing the new 6-9 years of survey data. This will allow further testing of other variables (e.g. type of legal work; firm size; client type) to explain differences in lawyers ethical conduct.
Joanne McLaughlin (UB Economics)
How Do Gig Workers Value the Legal Benefits of Employment? Evidence from a Choice Experiment
Abstract: Due to their status as independent contractors, gig workers in the United States do not have access to many of the legal benefits associated with employment, such as a minimum wage, legal protections against unfair treatment, or the right to join a union. Although these "legal job amenities" are central to what it means to be an employee in the U.S., we know little about how gig workers value these benefits. As policymakers contemplate extending certain employment-related labor protections to workers in the gig economy, our current lack of empirical evidence on workers' preferences poses a major obstacle. We plan to address this gap by using a choice experiment to elicit gig workers' valuations of these amenities. To our knowledge, ours will be the first study to measure workers' subjective valuations of the legal benefits of employment. For comparison, we will also elicit worker valuations of reductions in job flexibility.
Amy Semet (UB School of Law)
Female and Minority Participation in Patent Law
Abstract: Few studies have systematically explored how gender and race impact decision making in patent law cases. Using originally-constructed databases of patent decisions as well as applying novel statistical techniques to ascribe gender and minority status to patent law participants, this project aims to both descriptively explore the under-involved of women and minorities in patent law as well as to explore the factors that impact how gender and minority status impact how patent law cases are decided. It would allow one to analyze how female and minority inventors fare when their patents are adjudicated in federal court and in administrative tribunals.
Li Yin (UB Urban and Regional Planning)
Neighborhood impacts of recreational cannabis legalization: A spatial and sentimental analysis in physical and cyber spaces
Abstract: The decisions about recreational marijuana retail sales and siting are delegated to local municipalities. Much of this regulatory authority falls under local land use and zoning rules. This study aims to examine local zoning ordinances and their implications for the clustering of recreational cannabis businesses. We aim to investigate spatial inequalities in both physical and cyber spaces in major cities with populations over 1 million in the 23 states and territories that have legalized recreational marijuana. This study uses an integrative analysis framework with both qualitative and quantitative data and methods for both physical and cyber spaces. The cyberspace analysis results will be tied back to the spatial clustering in the physical space to better understand the spatial inequalities. The findings from the project are helpful to generate recommendations to strengthen social and economic equity outcomes from the implementation of the recreational cannabis policy.
GRADUATE STUDENT RESEARCH GRANTS
Poushali Bhattacharjee (UB Geography)
From rice to veggies: Institutional legacies, biotechnology, and household livelihoods in Bangladesh's crop transition
Abstract: Bangladesh has long implemented "Green Revolution" modernization projects in agriculture. These programs, rolled out unevenly across the country, promoted technical solutions to boost crop yields and achieve self-sufficiency in rice production. Due to rising global food prices, climate change, stagnating grain yields, and alteration in diet preference, many farmers began switching from rice to vegetable production in the 2000s. This research project examines how legacies of the Green Revolution shape technology adoption for this crop change. The project examines the regulatory framework and social dynamics that led Bangladesh to be the first country to approve and promote genetically modified vegetable seeds. It compares two regions with different Green Revolution inheritances to examine this rice to veggie transition, including farmers' well-being, environmental sustainability, household labor dynamics, and the logic behind and uses of biotechnology in the name of nutrition.
Christopher Bosley (UB Sociology)
Stress and Health in Emergency Medical Services: An Organizational Approach
Abstract: This research aims to understand work-related stress among Emergency Medical Service (EMS) providers and its relation to health. I ask three empirical questions to address this: (1) How are known work content stressors and known workplace stressors associated with health among EMS providers? (2) How does the publicness of an EMS organization impact the associations between work-related stress and health? (3) How do structural workplace stressors differ in association with employee health versus social stressors in the workplace? The approach for examining these questions will combine social determinants of health and organizational literatures along with insights gained through empirical evaluations of stress and health. This research is using both quantitative methods in the form of survey research, and qualitative methodologies in the form of semi-structured interviews to best explain how different work-related stressors are associated with employee health.
Anupriya Pandey (UB Sociology)
Critical Caste Ecologies: De-centering Western Environmental Justice Through Forest Governance and Caste Difference in India
Abstract: Law and policy makers are increasingly relying on community-based decentralized forest governance which they perceive as a just and equitable instrument to sustainable forest management. This project problematizes decentralized forest governance in India by bringing forth the underexamined role of caste relations in (re)producing environmental injustices. Countering the narrative of participatory forest governance as a significant tool to accomplish environmental justice (EJ), this project reveals the coloniality embedded in the idea of recognition, participation and re-distribution-principles of justice that are germane to Western EJ scholarship. Using a combination of archival and ethnographic methods to examine forest governance in the Himalayan region of India, this project will develop a framework I call Critical Caste Ecologies that renders visible the role of historical, socially and politically contingent, and ever evolving relations of caste in shaping environmental struggles.
Shu-An Tsai (UB Political Science)
Soft Attitudes on Minor Crimes and Its Influence on Voter Turnout Amidst Growing Hate Crimes toward Asian Americans
Abstract: This study focuses on how Asian Americans altered their voting patterns and political affiliation when, following the COVID-19 epidemic, rising hate crimes threatened their daily lives. In the 2020 elections, turnout among Asian Americans was significantly higher than it had been in previous years, and in some regions, their party identification shifted from the Democratic Party to the Republican Party (Kao, 2023). This research provides insights into the factors influencing Asian Americans' voting behavior and party identification, which are crucial in predicting election outcomes based on previous voting patterns among minority groups (Frey et al., 2016).
Shu Wan (UB History)
Disciplining the Poor Deaf in Republican Shanghai and Beijing
Abstract: This project explores how the deaf Chinese were defined and disciplined as a disabled population in poor houses between the 1910s and 1940s. Referencing the archival materials regarding Beijing and Shanghai's local authorities' efforts to train and tame the deaf poor in Republican China, this research aims to answer how the state transformed deafness into disability and the deaf inmates' resistance to this disciplining agenda.
Yuejia Wang (UB Educational Leadership and Policy)
Bargaining the Temporary Visa Policy for Global Mobility: the Education-Job Pipeline of International Graduates in the United States with H-1B Work Visas
Abstract: It has been noted that the temporary work visa programs are a global phenomenon echoing countries' reactions to the expanded demands of flexible global labor. For example, the H-1B temporary work visa program in the U.S. attracts highly skilled foreign laborers to expand the talent pool, while also causing foreign workers to be vulnerable to their employers and career uncertainty and life instability. This study will explore international graduates who are working in the U.S. with an H-1B visa. By understanding the temporary visa policy within the broader context of globalization of education and employment, this project will provide valuable insights into the intersectional connections between temporary visa policies, globalization, education, and social mobility. This study will conduct interviews with 40 H-1B visa holders from NYC, Chicago, Silicon Valley, and Houston. Funding provided by the Baldy Center will facilitate travels to research cities and interview transcription fees.
Carrie Bramen (UB Gender Institute)
“Interventions in Social Reproduction: Labor, Social Justice, and the Value of Human Life”
Abstract. The UB Gender Institute will focus its 2022-2023 research and programming on Social Reproduction, a field that is experiencing renewed interest globally in a range of disciplines from feminist legal theory to social policy (e.g. King's College London's Laws of Social Reproduction Project). Grounded in global socialist feminist studies, Social Reproduction Theory (SRT) positions gendered and racialized divisions of labor, domesticity/public-private spheres, and feminist commons as core concerns of political economy and social policy. The UB Gender Institute is proposing a year-long speaker and roundtable series that will highlight the most recent feminist contributions and developments in this area. Organized around six main events and a year-long associated reading group, the series will highlight feminist interventions in social reproduction on several levels, historical, methodological, and policy-making.
Matthew Dimick (UB School of Law)
“Critical Encounters with Habermas's Legal Theory in BETWEEN FACTS AND NORMS”
Abstract. This conference is dedicated to reexamining Between Facts and Norms: Contributions to a Discourse Theory of Law and Society, the principal work on legal theory by the eminent German philosopher, Jürgen Habermas. The conference participants will examine Habermas's conceptualization of the relationship between liberal-democratic legal theory and critical social theory, and ask whether Habermas had moved so far away in Between Facts and Norms from the early Frankfurt School and his own early work, that he was no longer able to grasp the contradictory dynamics and forms of domination specific to contemporary capitalist societies. Conference participants will also seek to historicize Between Facts and Norms, and ask whether the legal and political solutions he proposed in that work—written in period leading up to the Soviet Union's collapse, German reunification, and the rise of neoliberalism—are adequate to the very different challenges the world faces today.
Rebecca French (UB School of Law)
“Third International Conference on Buddhism and Law; A Workshop on Building a Research Infrastructure for Buddhism and Law”
Abstract. This is a proposal for a three-day event in 2023 consisting of a two-day conference followed by a one-day workshop. The conference will be the Third in a series of International Conferences on Buddhism and Law that have been held at SUNY Buffalo School of Law. The third day of the event will be a workshop to apply for external funding from the National Science Foundation Law & Social Science Program and the Frederick P. Lenz Foundation for American Buddhism for a combined publication and digital humanities project assembling key legal texts and sources in Buddhism and Law.
Gwynn Thomas (Global Gender and Sexuality Studies)
“Visionaries and Troublemakers: Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at 50”
Abstract. We are proposing the conference, Visionaries and Troublemakers: Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at 50, with the dual aim of critically reflecting on the past 50 years of women's studies at UB and examining how the teaching and research conducted by UB faculty and students has been part of broader struggles to promote the rights of women and sexual minorities. As a result of the dedication and work of successive generations, women's studies at UB has contributed to sweeping changes within academic disciplines and in our politics and society. We will also develop a vision for the future as we face growing support for authoritarian and illiberal politics that often seek to roll back gains made over the past fifty years in rights and equality for women and sexual minorities. Given this current context, it is a particularly critical moment to reflect on lessons to be learned from the successes of the past to best face the challenges of the future.
Barbara Wejnert (UB Sociology)
“The State of Democracy and Rise of Autocracy In view of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine”
Abstract. Prof. Barbara Wejnert from the College of Arts and Sciences, in collaboration with Prof. James Gardner from Law School, and the Jaeckle Center for Law and Democracy and Governance, are seeking to organize a conference entitled: "The State of Democracy and Rise of Autocracy In view of the Russian Invasion of Ukraine" in October 2022. The conference organizers plan to host two keynote speakers: Prof. Barbara Geddes, a professor at the University of California Los Angeles; and, Prof. Adam Przeworski Carroll and Milton Professor at New York University. Along with the two keynote speakers, the conference organizers plan to invite UB faculty presenters who are experts on democracy, authoritarianism, law, and illiberalism. The presenters and keynote speakers will lead the discussion to shed light on policy and political problems of weakening democratic sustainability with the simultaneous growth of autocracies worldwide. The conference will end with collaborative research and grant application planning.
Rebecca French (UB School of Law)
Building a Research Infrastructure in Buddhism and Law
Abstract. This Baldy Center Research Proposal is to pay for a research assistant during the next year to help me coordinate two projects: first, producing a full sourcebook in Buddhism and Law; second, to help investigate the best way to launch a digital humanities website and project in conjunction with the sourcebook. We have two colleagues at Halle University in Germany and Rutgers University in New Jersey to help us coordinate the Source book. We also have two colleagues at Columbia University and Leiden University who have agreed to help with the digital humanities component and website. This work will help prepare for a "Workshop for Building a Research Infrastructure in Buddhism and Law" to be held in May 2023, following the Third International Conference in Buddhism and Law.
Veronica Horowitz (UB Sociology)
Imprisoned during a Pandemic: Firsthand Accounts from Currently Incarcerated People
Abstract. When the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the globe, the high vulnerability of imprisoned persons garnered much attention. States responded with varied policy approaches for reducing risk, including decarceration and strategies for encouraging or mandating vaccinations for those who both live and work in prisons. However, little is known about how the COVID-19 pandemic and accompanying policy responses directly impacted imprisoned people. This study draws on interviews with 50currently incarcerated men who were imprisoned in Pennsylvania throughout the pandemic to provide a detailed account of their experiences. Funding from the Baldy Center will be used to transcribe these interviews, and supplemental funding from Arnold Ventures will provide support for coding and analyzing these rich interview data. This study will make a significant contribution to research on the experiences of imprisoned persons and impacts of the global pandemic, with implications for social and legal policy.
Yunju Nam (UB Social Work)
Living Through Double Jeopardy: The Economic and Social Impacts of Covid-19 and Asian Hate on Korean American Small Business Owners and Employees in the New York Metropolitan Area
Abstract. Asian Americans have experienced the double jeopardy of the pandemic and anti-Asian hate violence since the outbreak of Covid-19. This mixed-method research will investigate the lived experience of Korean American small business owners and employees and their individual- and community-level efforts to overcome pandemic-induced challenges while paying close attention to their access to government benefits. Results will assist policy development and community mobilizations.
Joanna Pepin (UB Sociology)
A Reconsideration of the Link Between Work-Family Arrangements and Mental Health
Abstract. Disagreement in the U.S. persists about whether work-family policies promoting one type of work-family arrangement or policies supporting a variety of arrangements best alleviate the disproportionate work-family stress women experience. This study contributes new insights into which work-family policies best facilitate population health in two key ways. First, it determines whether work-family arrangements or inconsistency in preferences and experiences in these arrangements are more predictive of health outcomes. Second, it establishes whether associations are widespread or characteristic of particular sub-groups, focusing in particular on changes over time and variation among racial and ethnic minority populations and individuals with fewer economic resources. Funding is requested for a graduate research assistant and for restricted data access. Preliminary findings will be used to apply for funding from the National Institutes of Health Small Grants Program.
Amy Semet (UB School of Law)
Female and Minority Participation in Patent Law
Abstract. Few scholars have systematically analyzed diversity and inclusion themes in intellectual property law. In 2019, the Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Internet held hearings on "lost Einsteins," focusing on the need for the USPTO to collect more data on gender, and racial and ethnic breakdowns on involvement in intellectual property law. Previous studies have found wide disparities based on gender and race on rates of innovation with much lower patent activity among women and minorities, due in part to systematic racism that perpetuates the current way patent rights are allocated. But the issue is still under explored. This book length projects seeks to examine issues of diversity and inclusion in patent law, by looking at inventorship and litigation activity. Using originally constructed databases as well as databases from the USPTO, this book and series of Articles seek to document empirically these discrepancies.
Mateo Taussig-Rubbo (UB School of Law) and
Emmanuel Frimpong Boamah (Urban and Regional Planning)
Climate change and governance in the postcolony: an empirical study in Ghana
Abstract. The impacts of climate change present institutional crises, yet the role of institutions in reinforcing or addressing climate impacts remains understudied and undertheorized, especially within the Global South. Our proposed study examines the nexus of climate change and Africa's plural legal regimes. In particular, it examines how climate change-exacerbated heat is addressed by the particular pre-existing legal, social and cultural formations in Ghana. The proposed research will, over 30 days of interview-based field work in Ghana, lay the foundation for an ethnographic study of climate change.
Caitlyn Sears (UB Geography)
Global agrochemical production networks: A study of Malaysia's pesticide production and regulation
Abstract. Agrochemical production has become increasingly fragmented in the past decade, shifting sites from North America and Europe to countries in Asia such as China, India and Malaysia. Several factors explain this including the expiration of patents on proprietary active ingredients, increasing bans on hazardous chemicals, and rising labor prices. The geographical and organizational shift is crucial to policy making and regulatory spaces yet, is not well understood or studied. This project uses the global production framework, mixed methods and a case study of Malaysia to understand these shifts. Malaysia offers an interesting perspective, figuring as the only Southeast Asian nation in the top ten exporters of agrochemicals globally over the past several years. Through the lens of the Malaysian agrochemical industry and national regulatory landscape, we can learn more broadly about institutions involved in law-making and social policies surrounding agrochemical production and use.
Victoria Nachreiner (UB History)
A Marriage of Aesthetics: Afropolitan Consumption, Bodily Practices, and Cis-Atlantic Gendering In Old Calabar, 1840-1940
Abstract. Aesthetics and bodily practices tied to Atlantic commerce played a key role in the articulations of gender and sexuality in Old Calabar during the 19th and 20th centuries. The introduction of European fashions, Christianity, Western education, and creole cultures altered Cross River gender performances, sexual practices, and marriage regulations. This project will examine how both men and women in Old Calabar and its hinterland navigated changing meanings of womanhood, masculinity, and marriage in this context. African men and women in this region used Atlantic commerce, Christianity and colonial courts to redefine marriage on their own terms within the constraints of colonialism.
Martha McCluskey (UB Law)
Transforming the Foundations: Key Concepts of Law and Political Economy
This workshop proposal ties my individual work over twenty-five years with the recent surge in innovative critical scholarship rethinking the foundations of neoliberal law and economy. The multiple crises of our time -- covid, climate, financial instability, inequality, authoritarianism – require rethinking basic concepts of legal neoliberalism that are widely embraced by scholars and policy analysts across the political and theoretical spectrum, yet insufficiently examined. Its goal will be to develop and refine key “law and political economy” conceptual shifts that can serve as a “method” especially for students, scholars, and advocates doing work in law, economics, or law and society fields.
Christopher Mele (UB Sociology and Geography)
Revisiting CRCQL v. Seif: Community-Based Environmental Movements and Legal Remedies
In 1996, Chester Residents Concerned for Quality Living (CRCQL) sued the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection for issuing a permit to build a contaminated soil incinerator alongside two existing waste incinerators in a low-income, minority neighborhood in Chester, Pennsylvania. The conference proposed here revisits the case and its legacy from the perspective of the Chester environmental justice community.
Jordan Fox Besek (UB Sociology)
Life Finds a Way: The Limits to the Social Control of Nature
Abstract. While western societies have never been better at altering environments, our environmental relationships have never been more volatile. The book project research embraces this contradiction by using three case examples of environmental failures at the intersection of law, environmental planning, and public works to forge a comprehensive socio-environmental theory of our limited ability to master nature. It will make concrete policy suggestions and encourage critical analysis of environmentally consequences.
Irus Braverman (UB School of Law)
The Green Patrol: Policing Nature in Palestine/Israel
Abstract. The paramilitary unit "Green Patrol" was established in 1978 by the Israel Nature and Parks Authority for enforcing myriad Israeli laws that pertain to land and water resources. Despite its powerful policing powers, the Green Patrol does not answer to Israel's police; instead, it is part of Israel's nature administration. The green-blue nature of this unit is the topic I explore in this project, which examines the close alliance between nature and settler colonialism.
Abigail Cooke (UB Geography)
Wading Through Administrative Burdens: Responses and Strategies of Refugee Communities for Long-Term Refugee Socioeconomic Integration
Abstract. Buffalo's refugees have weak long-term economic integration. Changes to federal resettlement policy are newly possible, but local prospects for effective implementation and meaningful results are not well understood. Using key informant interviews, we seek pilot data on how administrative burden (excessive bureaucratic work required of program applicants) is experienced by refugees; and how such burdens ripple across the community, strengthening or straining relationships as help is accessed.
Christopher Dennison (UB Sociology)
He/She/They: Gender Pronouns and Gender Bias in Student Evaluations of Teaching
Abstract. In this project, we take an important first step to examine the relationship between law/policy and social change as it pertains to gender diversity in higher education. Using both a survey experiment and qualitative interview data from a representative group of UB students, this project aims to understand whether, and how, the identification of pronouns by faculty impacts gender bias in student evaluations.
Linda Kahn (UB Family Medicine)
Impacts of Covid-19 on drug treatment courts: adaptations to remote technology
Abstract. The Covid-19 pandemic compelled drug treatment courts to rapidly adopt remote technologies to continue operations and provide supportive services to participants, who represent a vulnerable, underserved population. This study will qualitatively investigate drug treatment court judges' and team members' experiences using remote technology for participant monitoring; delivery of telehealth treatment and services; and interactions with participants.
Yunmei Lu (UB Sociology)
Cross-National Assessment of the Gender-gap in Violent Crime: How Does Social Context Matter?
Abstract. The goal of this project is to examine the drivers of women's violent offending and victimization across different countries in the past three decades. Lu will work with a graduate assistant to compile an international database, including information on gender-specific violence, legal and policy changes, and socio-cultural characteristics of at least 50 countries.
Joanne McLaughlin (UB Economics)
Educational Impacts of Making College Tuition Free
Abstract. This project studies the effect of the Excelsior Scholarship on student educational and labor market outcomes using administrative data. Using exogenous variation in the scholarship's income eligibility threshold, we implement regression discontinuity to compare students with incomes just above the threshold to those just below the threshold. This research design allows us to disentangle the effect of the Excelsior Scholarship from other factors that may contribute to the outcomes of interest.
Amy Semet (UB Law and Political Science)
Diversity and Inclusion in Intellectual Property Law
Abstract. In this project, I will use the databases I created of decision-making in patent law at federal courts and USPTO to study themes of diversity and inclusion regarding female and minority judges, inventors and possibly also lawyers. In particular, the study will examine whether there are race and gender panel effects among the judges themselves as well as how female and minority inventors fare compared to men and non-minorities in whether their patents are invalidated.
Tanya Shilina-Conte (UB English)
"This Video Does Not Exist": Film Censorship as Social Practice and Elective Mutism in Minority Cinema
Abstract. My multimodal project, comprised of a scholarly book, Black Screens, White Frames: The Interstices of Film History, and an essay film, This Video Does Not Exist, employs an interstitial methodology to open film studies beyond canonical objects. Together, the book and film forge a connection between the absence of images or sounds and marginalized peoples' experiences. My film explores the relationship between film censorship as social practice and absence as elective mutism in minority cinema.
Robert Silverman (UB Urban and Regional Planning)
Some public housing authorities (PHAs) get it right: successful implementation of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's) small area fair market rent (SAFMR) rule.
Abstract. HUD's small area fair market rents (SAFMRs) rule was designed to set housing choice voucher (HCV) subsidies based on average rents in ZIP codes. The rule increases subsidies in high rent areas, removing barriers to moves to opportunity areas. This study will use semi-structured interviews to examine PHA administrator's perceptions of the SAFMR rule. The results from this analysis will generate policy recommendation that can inform HUD's the continued rollout of the SAFMR rule.
Irus Braverman, (UB School of Law), Jim Bono (UB History), Paul Vanouse (UB Art), and Lucinda Cole (University of Illinois, English).
Medical Posthumanities: Governing Health Beyond the Human
Abstract. The medical humanities have tended to focus almost exclusively on humans. A medical posthumanities, by contrast, would take seriously the role of "more-than-human" actors to explore the complex entanglements of human, animal, and ecological health. Given that the human individual has long served as the subject of liberal societies and the systems of governance to which they gave rise, the legal implications of a medical posthumanities are immediate.
Matthew Dimick, (UB School of Law)
Marx and Legal Theory
Abstract. In the financial crisis of 2008, the ensuing Great Recession, exploding extremes of wealth, yawning global inequalities, and human-caused climate change, it is not surprising that Karl Marx, capitalism's greatest and most well-known critic, is, as a recent Financial Times book review put it, "more relevant than ever." This conference will explore the relationship between Marx's though and legal theory, focusing particularly on the connections between law and the state and law and politics.
Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen (UB Geography)
Contextualizing shrinking places within the broader U.S. economy
Abstract. The study goals are to understand different peripheries at various geographic scales by acknowledging that the definition of shrinking places is "relative" to the geographic context and there is a need to move away from a growing-shrinking division that fail to highlight their diversity. Related goals are to examine their diversity using physical, demographic, social, economic, and political characteristics and use selective examples to understand similarities/differences of US shrinking places.
Anya Bernstein (UB School of Law)
The Human State: Making Regulation and Policy in Germany
Abstract. I seek support for intensive fieldwork with government administrators in Germany, investigating views and practices related to issues central to democracy: separation of powers, executive make-up, and legal interpretation. Part of an ongoing comparative project, this research illuminates the inner life of a bureaucracy that makes democracy function. Given the unfolding crisis that highlights the stakes of effective administration, my interviews will focus particularly on pandemic response.
Irus Braverman (UB School of Law)
Beastly Legalities: Wild Life and Law in Palestine/Israel
Abstract. Beastly Legalities is a legal ethnography project that concerns itself with the contemporary regulation of nature in Palestine/Israel and the ways in which wild animals both reinforce and undermine this regulation. It travels in between two centers of gravity: on the one hand, the governance of nature reserves and national parks in Israel/Palestine and, on the other hand, the regulation of nonhuman bodies defined as wild animals in this region.
Filomena Critelli (UB School of Social Work)
#Me Too and the Implementation of Sexual Harassment Legislation in Pakistan: Moving from Law to Practice
Abstract. Sexual harassment has been revealed as a global human rights violation with the recent rise of the #MeToo movement. Within Pakistan it is widespread and operates as a powerful mechanism that maintains women's subordinate social status and limits full participation in the public sphere. Baldy Center Research Funds are requested to examine the impact of the #MeToo movement and the sexual harassment legislation that was enacted in Pakistan in 2010 from the perspective of key stakeholders.
Rebecca French (UB School of Law)
Buddhism and Law Reader
Abstract. This is a proposal for a Research Assistant to help with the compilation of materials and digital database for the proposed volume commissioned by Cambridge University Press entitled Buddhism and Law: A Reader.
Amy Semet (UB School of Law)
Law An Empirical Analysis of Intellectual Property Law and the Administrative State
Abstract: This project seeks to analyze empirically the factors that impact how patent law adjudicators make decisions. Using a unique database of over 11,000 decisions from the United States Patent Trial and Appeals Board ("PTAB"),this project analyzes the case-specific, judge-demographic, political,economic, and institutional factors that impact how patent law adjudicators make decisions. it seeks to offer suggestions for institutional reform on how patent law cases should be adjudicated.
Buddhism, Law and Society: Between Text and Context. Organized by Rebecca Redwood French, UB Professor of Law. September 26-30, 2019.
Journal of Law and Political Economy: Developing the Field. Organized by Martha McCluskey, UB Professor of Law. October 11 & 12, 2019.
Legacies of Suffrage: Organized by Carrie Bramen, UB Professor of English and Director of the UB Gender Institute. Symposium March 6, 2020.
Global Glyphosate: New Challenges in Regulating Pervasive Chemicals in the Anthropocene: Organized by Marion Werner, UB Associate Professor of Geography. Fall 2021.
Serious Fun: A conference with & around Schlegel Organized by David A. Westbrook, Louis A. Del Cotto Professor; Co-Director, NYC Program in Finance & Law