Eight Common Academic Integrity Infractions

All UB students are expected to uphold high standards of academic integrity, and instructors are expected to report all infractions, regardless of severity, to the Office of Academic Integrity. This helps to hold students accountable across their coursework and time at UB as we promote the fundamental value of integrity in the learning process. At UB, academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, the following:

Aiding in Academic Dishonesty

Knowingly taking action that allows another student to engage in an act of academic dishonesty including, but not limited to completing an examination or assignment for another student or stealing an examination or completed assignment for another student.


Includes, but is not limited to:

  • Use of any assistance not authorized by the course instructor(s) in taking quizzes, tests or examinations.
  • Dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the course instructor(s) in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or carrying out other assignments.
  • Stealing tests or other academic material belonging to the course instructor(s). 

Falsifying Academic Materials

Fabricating laboratory materials, notes, reports, or any forms of computer data; forging an instructor’s name or initials; resubmitting an examination or assignment for reevaluation which has been altered without the instructor’s authorization; or submitting a report, paper, materials, computer data, or examination (or any considerable part thereof) prepared by any person other than the student responsible for the assignment.

Misrepresenting Documents

Forgery, alteration, or misuse of any university or official document, record, or instrument of identification.


Copying or receiving material from any source and submitting that material as one’s own, without acknowledging and citing the particular debts to the source (quotations, paraphrases, basic ideas), or in any other manner representing the work of another as one’s own.

Purchasing Academic Documents

Purchasing an academic assignment intended for submission in fulfillment of any course or academic program requirement.

Selling Academic Assignments

Selling or offering for sale any academic assignment to any person enrolled at the University at Buffalo. No person shall offer any inappropriate assistance in the preparation, research, or writing of any assignment, which the seller knows, or has reason to believe, is intended for submission in fulfillment of any course or academic program requirement.

Submitting Previously Submitted Work

Submitting academically required material that has been previously submitted, in whole or in substantial part, without prior and expressed consent of the instructor.