Program Requirements & Course Descriptions

Geography BA

This option requires 36 Geography credit hours.

  • GEO 101 Earth Systems Science I
  • GEO 102 Human Geography      OR     GEO 103 Global Economic Geographies
  • GEO 120 Maps: Earth From Above                   
  • GEO 211 Univariate Statistics
  • Additional Geography courses to reach a minimum total of 36 Geography credits – at least six courses must be at the 300/400 level.

 Course descriptions

 

Geography BA - with concentration in Earth Systems Science

This concentration requires 36 Geography Credits and two out-of-department courses.

  • GEO 101 - Earth Systems Science I
  • GEO 102 - Introduction to Human Geography  OR  GEO 103 – Global Economic Geographies
  • GEO 120 - Maps: Earth From Above
  • GEO 211 - Univariate Statistics in Geography (formerly 410)
  • GEO 345 - Water Resources  OR  GEO 347 - Climatic Geomorphology
  • GEO 350 - Landform Field and Lab Techniques
  • GEO 352 - Introduction to Soils  OR  GEO 356 - Forest Ecology  
  • GEO 435 - Conservation Biogeography  OR  GEO 470 - Integrated Environmental  Management                                                                    

One course from the following: 

  • GEO 200 - The Ocean World
  • GEO 201 - Disasters: A Study of Hazards
  • GEO 345 - Water Resources
  • GEO 347 - Climatic Geomorphology
  • GEO 352 - Introduction to Soils
  • GEO 356 - Forest Ecology
  • GEO 435 - Conservation Biogeography
  • GEO 444 - Advanced Earth Systems Sciences
  • GEO 445 - Restoration Ecology
  • GEO 448 - Stream Restoration
  • GEO 449 - Fluvial Geomorphology
  • GEO 470 - Integrated Environ. Management
  • GEO 475 - Landscape Modeling w/GIS
  • GEO 496 - Geography Internship
  • GEO 499 - Independent Study

One Urban and Regional Analysis course:

  • GEO 366 - Urban Systems Geography
  • GEO 367 - Urban Social Geography
  • GEO 412  - Geography of Health
  • GEO 418 - Population Geography
  • GEO 482 - Locational Analysis
  • GEO 493 - Dynamic Modeling

One Int’l Business and World Trade course:

  • GEO 330 - Dynamics of International Business
  • GEO 333 - International Trade
  • GEO 334 - International Business Cultures
  • GEO 425 - Industrial/Business Geography
  • GEO 460 - Geography of Development

One Geographic Information Systems course:

  • GEO 381 - Cartography
  • GEO 479 - GIS and Environmental Modeling
  • GEO 481 - Geographic Information Systems
  • GEO 483 - Remote Sensing

Any Two non-department electives from:

  • Biology 200 
  • Biology 201
  • Chemistry 101
  • Chemistry 102
  • Physics 101
  • Physics 102
  • Math 121 (or Math141)

 Course descriptions

 

 

Geography BA - with concentration in Urban and Regional Analysis

This concentration requires 36 Geography credits.

Required courses:

  • GEO101 Earth Systems Science I
  • GEO102 Intro. to Human Geography  OR  GEO103 Global Economic Geographies
  • GEO120 Maps: Earth From Above
  • GEO211 Univariate Statistics in Geography
  • GEO366 Urban Geography  OR  GEO367 Urban Social Geography

Three electives from the following list:

  • GEO 366 Urban Systems Geography
  • GEO 367 Urban Social Geography
  • GEO 411 Multivariate Statistics in Geography
  • GEO 412 Geography of Health
  • GEO 418 Population Geography
  • GEO 419 Transportation and Society
  • GEO 425 Industrial/Business Geography
  • GEO 426 JAQ Small Business Entrepreneurship, Innovation
  • GEO 430 Geographies of Urban Design
  • GEO 460 Geography of Development
  • GEO 481 Geographic Information Systems
  • GEO 482 Locational Analysis

Three or Four additional 300/400 level electives to achieve 36 total Geography credits.

 Course descriptions

 

BS - Geographic Information Science

This concentration requires  36 Geography credits, 1 Math course and 1 Computer Science course.

 

Mandatory courses:

  • GEO 101 Earth Systems Science I
  • GEO 102 Intro. to Human Geography   OR   GEO 103 - Geography of Economic Systems
  • GEO 120 Maps: Earth From Above
  • GEO 381 Cartography
  • GEO 211 Univariate Statistics in Geography
  • GEO 411 Multivariate Statistics in Geography
  • GEO 481 Geographic Information Systems
  • CSE 113 Intro to Computer Science I

TWO additional GIS/Cartography electives from the following:

  • GEO 475 Landscape Modeling w/ GIS
  • GEO 479 GIS & Environmental Modeling
  • GEO 482  Locational Analysis
  • GEO 483 Remote Sensing
  • GEO 485 Cartography and Geo.Visualization
  • GEO 488 GIS Design
  • GEO 493 Dynamic Modeling
  • or any upper level GIS course approved by DUG or Chair

Additional 300/400 level Geography eleccive courses to meet the requirement of 36 Total Geography credits.

 

One Math Course from the following:

  • MTH 121 Survey of Calculus I  
  • MTH 141 College Calculus I 

 Course descriptions

 

 

International Trade BA

This degree requires 12 Geography courses and 3 Non-Department courses.

  • GEO 100 Geography Perspectives & World Issues  OR GEO 101 – Earth Systems Science I
  • GEO 102 - Intro to Human Geography  OR  GEO 103 - Global Economic Geographies
  • GEO 120 - Maps and Mapping
  • GEO 211 - Univariate Statistics in Geography
  • GEO 330 - Dynamics of International Business
  • GEO 333 - International Trade
  • GEO 334 - International Business Cultures
  • GEO 425 - Industrial/Business Geography
  • GEO 460 - Geography of Development
  • ECO 181 – Macroeconomics  
  • ECO 182 - Microeconomics                              
  • One Computer Science Course (CSE101, CSE113, MGQ201, MFC101, MFC118)

Three additional Geography Electives at the 300/400 level (excluding GEO496)

 

 Course descriptions

Geography Minor

General Geography

One of the following:

  • GEO 101  Earth Systems Science I
  • GEO 102 Introduction to Human Geography
  • GEO 103  Global Economic Geographies

Required course:

  • GEO 120  Maps: Earth From Above

Four additional GEO courses at the 300 or 400 level

 

Earth Systems Science

  • GEO 101  Earth Systems Science I
  • GEO 120  Maps: Earth From Above

Four additional electives from the following:

  • GEO 345  Water Resources
  • GEO 347  Climatic Geomorphology
  • GEO 348  Landform Development
  • GEO 350  Landform Field and Lab Techniques
  • GEO 352  Introduction to Soils
  • GEO 356  Forest Ecology
  • GEO 435  Conservation Biogeography
  • GEO 444  Advanced Earth Systems Science
  • GEO 445  Restoration Ecology
  • GEO 449  Fluvial Geomorphology
  • GEO 470  Integrated Environmental Management
  • GEO 479  GIS and Environmental Modeling
  • GEO 483  Remote Sensing

International Business and World Trade

  • GEO 102 Introduction to Human Geography    OR   GEO 103- Global Economic Geographies

Five elective courses from the following:

  • GEO 330   Dynamics of International Business
  • GEO 333   International Trade
  • GEO 334   Int’l Business Cultures
  • GEO 366   Urban Systems Geography
  • GEO 419   Transportation & Society
  • GEO 425   Industrial/Business Geography
  • GEO 460   Geography of Development
 

Geographic Information Systems and Cartography

  • GEO 120 - Maps: Earth From Above
  • GEO 381 - Cartography
  • GEO 481 - Geographic Information Systems
  • GEO 485 - Cartography and Geographic Visualization

Two courses from the following:

  • GEO 475  Landscape Modeling w/GIS
  • GEO 479  GIS and Environmental Modeling
  • GEO 482   Locational Analysis
  • GEO 483  Remote Sensing
  • GEO 488  GIS Design
  • GEO 489  GIS Algorithms and Data Structures
  • CIE 303   Geodesy, GPS and GIS

Urban and Regional Analysis 

  • GEO 102   Introduction to Human Geography OR   GEO 103    Global Economic Geographies
  • GEO 366  Urban Systems Geography  OR  GEO 367 Urban Social Geography
  • GEO 211 Univariate Statistics in Geography

                         

Three additional courses from the following:

  • GEO 330 Dynamics of International Business
  • GEO 334 Int’l Business Cultures
  • GEO 366 Urban Geography
  • GEO 367 Urban Social Geography
  • GEO 412 Geography of Health
  • GEO  418   Population Geography
  • GEO 419 Transportation & Society
  • GEO 425 Industrial Geography
  • GEO 460 Geography of Development
  • GEO  482   Locational Analysis

 Course descriptions

 

 

 

 

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Economics – Geography Joint Major (B.A.)

One purpose of the joint major in Economics-Geography is to provide flexibility for students who intend to pursue graduate studies in subjects such as Economics, Geography, Regional Science, and Regional and Urban Planning.

 

Students must have at least a 2.0 cumulative average for admission to the program.  To obtain the B.A. in Economics-Geography, a student must achieve at least a 2.0 GPA in the course of study listed below and an overall GPA of at least 2.0, and fulfill all University requirements. 

Joing Major requirements - https://economics.buffalo.edu/undergraduate/joint-major/