Gender Matters offers feminist approaches to a diverse range of discussions on intersectional, transnational, and community issues. Contributors include UB students, faculty, and staff, as well as greater Buffalo community members, whose perspectives enrich our collective feminist engagement with education, research, and lived realities.
The Gender Institute welcomes new potential authors. Those interested should contact the blog manager, Surabhi Pant at firstname.lastname@example.org.
July 2021: Rooted In Love: India Walton's Interview by Amanda Hart and Hannah Baker for Global Women's Empowerment Magazine (GWEM)
August 30, 2021: Q/A with Deputy Director Jo Freudenheim with Surabhi Pant
February 24, 2021: The Global Women's Empowerment Movement by Amanda M. Hart
February 8, 2021: Linguistic Legacies: Honoring Professor Madeleine Mathiot by Sydney Jameson-Blowers.
October 6, 2020: From Margin to Center: Reflecting on the Survivors Agenda Summit by Hilary Vandenbark
Ms. India Walton is poised to become the next mayor of Buffalo, New York. While the original campaign was not taken seriously by the long-time sitting Mayor, Bryon Brown, the city's politicians are shaking in their boots.
Walton was interviewed by GWEM Magazine Staff Amanda Hart and Hannah Baker.
Welcome, India Walton. Ms. Walton has made it clear that she is ready to spearhead institutional changes. Walton's progressive socialist politics have been on the minds of most Buffalonians these days. Whether you agree or disagree with her political views, there is no debate that her upset against Mayor Byron Brown is historic. As the winner of the Democratic primary, she is likely to become the next, and first, female mayor in Buffalo. During our half-hour interview over zoom we had the opportunity to talk about her political concepts and her plans for the future. The following interview is a transcript from our zoom interview, which has been lightly edited for grammatical clarity.
Amanda: I read that at an early age, you were involved in political activism. Where did that passion come from?
Walton: I think I was involved in political activism at an early age but did not know it. My mother married a man serving a 25 year to life sentence in prison due to a drug charge stemming from the Rockefeller drug laws and mandatory minimums in the early 90s. We went up to Albany to fight for his release, and eventually, he came home. I was so proud of the work that we had done to bring my dad home and I think that was just something that always stuck with me.
Amanda: What philosophy do you borrow your politics from? I love that you have said that your campaign is rooted in love. Have you borrowed any of your political concepts from history?
Walton: I think my political concepts are the opposite of what we believe politics to be in this country. By that, I believe that the people closest to the problem are closest to the solution. The most appropriate legislators and leaders are not those with advanced degrees, but those with experiential expertise. Such as people who work, mothers who raise children, teachers, and just everyday folks who are experiencing the challenges on the ground. They have had lots of time to think about all of the things that we would do different and better if given the opportunity and the resources.
Hannah: Following the mission of GWEM in empowering women, what are some ways you would like to empower women and promote gender equality?
Walton: The most important thing to me when it comes to supporting women is that many times in the movement, we refer to feminizing politics. That means that we take into account that many women need access to childcare in order to participate, not only professionally but civically. There are so many prohibitive things when you are the primary caregiver for a child, parents or even siblings. We are used to men holding positions of leadership. We ignore the fact that it is because of the feminine workforce and the labor of women that they can be in positions of leadership. Someone is working behind the scenes to make sure that person has an ironed shirt, and that their children are cared for and that their lunch is packed. When we enter into those spaces, we are expected to do all of the things we are expected to do and everything else. I think changing the narrative around what it means to work hard and building care for ourselves is okay. Take a break. It is okay to be emotional. It is okay to feel overwhelmed. It is okay to ask for help. It is okay not to have all of the answers. It is just starting there with being recognized as actual people. We need to stop putting these superhuman expectations on ourselves.
Amanda: How do you plan to encourage education for young women?
Walton: I am particularly interested in the demographic of people called A.L.I.C.E.'s (Asset limited income constrained, employed). When you make just enough money to not qualify for any assistance, but you make too little to make a change in your life. I am in the process of building a relationship with an organization called Mayors for a Guaranteed Income. Mayors for a Guaranteed Income targets people in that A.L.I.C.E. demographic. It would give people access to an extra couple hundred dollars a month. It would allow them to have access to childcare, transportation, paying off that last bit of tuition to advance their education, etc. A guaranteed income could enrich the life of that individual, their children, or their family so that they can move up the socio-economic ladder. That is one thing that I am excited about being able to champion once I am in office.
Hannah: Focusing on the same idea of barriers, but turning to your campaign, what is the biggest personal challenge or barrier that you had faced from when you announced your campaign until now?
Walton: I think the biggest challenge for me is the inhumanity. No one cares that you are an actual human in politics, and you have made mistakes; they use that to exploit the fame and make you seem untrustworthy. I know that I am doing the right thing, but it does not make it any less hurtful, especially knowing that I have children who are old enough to see what is on social media and in the news. Having to answer their questions, having to explain things, not only to them but also constantly relive and defend myself against traumas that I have experienced. Like, wow, this is messed up. However, I can set the example. I can not only overcome and survive but also thrive. I take it in stride with grace and poise and say, yeah, it is just something that happened, but it is something that helped to make me into a stronger person. A person who can solve problems, build bridges and be very empathetic and compassionate when it comes to other people's problems.
Amanda: How are you overcoming those challenges to adversity? What are some tips that you would give other women who are struggling with your same struggles?
Walton: You know, I treat myself and others with a whole lot of grace. I try not to take anything personally. I stay out of the comments section. And even sometimes when I venture in there, I say, you know what, this is a small minority I cling to the interactions at the coffee shop or in the grocery store, where folks are excited about what is to come. I try and stay grounded. I do a lot of prayer, meditating, and reading. I try and stay out in nature as much as possible and take nice walks. I go by the water, and treat myself kindly. When I want to splurge on a pedicure, I splurge on a pedicure. If I want to sleep late, I tell my campaign team, Hey, guys, I will be off the radar for a few hours this afternoon because I want to take a nap, then that is okay, too. I constantly remind myself that there is no campaign without an India, and I need to be the best self that I can be. I know that as women, we have learned to de-prioritize ourselves and put everyone else first, especially in politics, but in all aspects of our lives. You can't pour from an empty cup. We have to make sure that we are well-nourished, caring for our mental health, and surrounding ourselves with strong, encouraging people that will keep us motivated. It helps hold us accountable for caring for ourselves. All of those things are what helps me to continue to survive in this very rigorous environment.
Hannah: As a woman aspiring to hold a significant place in office, what are you looking forward to the most when you are finally elected?
Walton: That is a good question. I think I am just looking forward to seeing the very aspirational vision that I have for Buffalo begin to come to life— doing some of the things that we have been planning to do for so long. I know that everything is not going to go as I want it to, but I am confident that there will be significant changes in the way we live our day to day lives. It will be a result of leadership that does lead with love and puts people at the center. That is what I am most excited about.
Amanda: Recently, I heard that that the Hope Center has closed. Do you plan to provide more resources for women and families going through the throes of homelessness and domestic violence in Buffalo?
Walton: I will definitely do this because it is very near to me as a survivor myself of domestic violence, and also knowing how few services there are, is astonishing. Through the pandemic, we have seen an increase in domestic violence cases. I have a close relationship with April Baskin* Social Services is typically not in the purview of a city government, this is general county work. I think our strong relationship with our county legislators will go a long way to helping that. I also think we have to have good working relationships with a lot of our community-based organizations, like the Matt Urban Center. I still do not quite understand what happened with the Hope Center. I know that the state standards had changed, but the Hope Center was a pretty nice facility. I am like, well, can we renovate it? There must be something that we can do? I think that we just have not had the leadership that would take it that much further to figure out what can be done. Then knowing that many community-based organizations and nonprofits are so under capacity, because again, unity is run in support by women. Due to women's labor being undervalued, those industries are usually under capacity because we are underpaid and overworked. There is not enough room for us to be able to support our organizations at the level that we really could. We need to be resourced at the level that would bring up the capacity and have space to innovate. We need to make sure that there are services for families, for women, for children. I am working with the county to reform our child protective system. We need to learn how we deal with families who need help instead of punishing them. This is also very important to me.
Amanda: What strategy would you propose to get more women involved in community-based work?
Walton: I am a big proponent of organized labor. When we have access to unions and collective bargaining agreements, we have more negotiating power. God bless our nonprofits. Many of our nonprofits have the same issues that large corporations do: the people at the top make three, four, five, sometimes eight times more than the people who are doing most of the work. We have to shift that dynamic. It is important to have people in a position to help shape the narrative and tell the story about why everyone needs to have a living wage. When the least of us does well, we all do better. I use this example frequently. If you give a person that makes a six-figure salary a stimulus check, they usually save it. If you give a person making 30 grands a stimulus check, they go out and spend it. They buy what they have been waiting to buy. We know that low to midincome people tend to be simulators of the economy. Lifting the floor makes more sense to me than continuing to pour into the top and hoping it makes it down to the bottom.
Amanda: What are some words of wisdom that you would give to young girls who are in the same position you were in when you were 14?
Walton: Do not stop; you are enough. I want everyone to know, especially young women, there is nothing remarkable about me. I just kept going. Every time someone told me no, I would not take no for an answer. I always tried to find another way. As long as you are doing what is just and what is right, you will be okay. Keep people around you who will tell you the truth. Be supportive and establish a good network of people so that there is always someone you can call. I do not do anything that I can do alone; I couldn't. Start building your networks. Do not be shy; introduce yourself to people. When you have an area of interest, no matter what it is, there is a club or an association, or somewhere you can go. Just start knocking down doors and making phone calls. A no is not the worst thing in the world. A no is better than not asking.
Amanda: How can people get involved with your campaign? How can they donate or volunteer?
Walton: You can visit my website at www.indiawalton.com. There, you can sign up to volunteer and donate. We love our social media followers, so please follow us on Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook. The most important thing is to vote. If you are not registered to vote, go ahead and register. The thing about a grassroots campaign is that the best endorsement is that of the people and word of mouth. People saying, "Hey, I know India," or "I believe in what she stands for.", then to have a conversation with five of your friends. That is how movements are built. If folks have aspirations of their own, I would also say to go ahead and get involved. We welcome everyone, and you do not have to have any particular skill set or experience in political campaigns. We will train you and teach you what you need to know so that you will be ready. You will be a little bit more prepared than I was.
Amanda: I was thinking about your comment when you said that there was nothing remarkable about you. I think you might be wrong about that. I think you are an exceptional woman. We are honored to be able to have this conversation with you today. Thank you for your time. We wish you the best of luck in your upcoming election.
GWEM (The Global Women’s Empowerment Magazine) is a free publication created by recent UB alum, Amanda Hart 2020, as an ELN project. Amanda Hart is the Chief Editor with Hannah Baker working alongside her as the Assistant Editor and Intern. The overall goal of the magazine is to aid in improving the status of girls and women in society. GWEM gives up-to-date resources for girls and women through our website and social media accounts that we use to promote our stories, allowing education to be more readily accessible. By participating in the platform, students and faculty have the opportunity to showcase their research, essays, creative works and projects, as well as the opportunity to create new connections. They can also share projects, develop ideas to promote gender equality, encourage body positivity, and more.
September 13, 2021
A note on language: Throughout this post, I will be primarily using gender-neutral terms instead of ‘women’ to refer to people who need/receive abortions. This is because many people who are not women need this type of reproductive care, including but not limited to, trans/nonbinary and gender nonconforming people. However, I am also extremely aware of the ways in which sexism and notions of “womanhood” have shaped abortion repression and rhetoric. Historically speaking, the extensive socio-political discourse and actions on abortion restriction have been rooted in misogyny and, often, with the intent of further marginalizing women and limiting their autonomy.
On September 1, 2021, Senate Bill 8 (SB8) went into effect in the state of Texas. The bill bans abortions after about six weeks of pregnancy, or, “after detection of [a] … heartbeat” and makes no exceptions for cases of incest or rape. Additionally, SB8 allows citizens to sue both abortion providers, the person receiving the abortion, as well as anyone else who helps an individual obtain an abortion. Later that night, the U.S. Supreme Court voted against blocking the law with a 5-4 vote.
On August 31, 24-hours before the restrictions, doctors, nurses, and other medical professionals, worked all day and night to provide patients with abortion procedures before the bill took effect. According to one senior director in Fort Worth, the Whole Woman’s Health clinic treated 117 patients that day with the last appointment being completed at 11:56 pm. She described the scene as sheer chaos, with patients waiting in their cars, as the waiting room had full capacity. Anti-abortion activists gathered around the building shouting at those who entered and exited the clinic.
SB8 has been in effect for less than a week and the social and political consequences have already begun. The Planned Parenthood of South Texas has posted on their website that they are currently and indefinitely unable to provide abortion procedures. Abortion fund and travel support networks have been overwhelmed with requests for assistance from individuals seeking abortions out of state. Roe v. Wade has been “functionally overturned.” Mark Joseph Stern, a reporter at Slate writes, “It is simply impossible to say that Roe v. Wade is still the law of the land. The Supreme Court just allowed Texas to enforce a six-week abortion ban--giving other states a roadmap to do the same. Roe is no longer a good law.” States such as Oklahoma, Tennessee, Alabama, Ohio, and many others, have been trying for years to pass near-bans on abortion for decades. Texas lawmakers have created the bill these states will essentially replicate to finally achieve their goal of repressing individuals’ access to abortion services.
We need to be clear about what other consequences will surely occur in Texas and in other states where abortion access is limited and/or about to be severely limited. The provision in SB8 which allows individuals to sue those who “aid and abet” those seeking abortions, including health professionals, Uber drivers, pro-choice activists, will both deter these individuals from supporting people needing abortions and potentially cause unimaginable economic distress for those who do. Pregnant individuals who miscarry past the six-week mark may be criminally prosecuted (this may sound unbelievable but it has happened, particularly to women of color). Finally, people will die. History shows us that banning or limiting abortion does not decrease the number of abortions (one of, if not the, main goal of anti-abortion lawmakers). Instead, it increases the number of unsafe abortion attempts outside of medical settings which can lead to a variety of medical complications and, at times, death.
In terms of reproductive care more broadly, Texas ranks poorly in many categories when compared to other states in the U.S.: 42nd in teenage pregnancy and sexual health in youth, 46th in adequate prenatal care, 50th in the number of uninsured women and children, 46th in cervical cancer screening, and 49th in the quality of reproductive health care. While the current situation in Texas is regarding abortion, these statistics highlight a larger trend: Texas state institutions have failed their citizens in terms of reproductive access and safety, both historically and presently.
The reproductive justice framework, created and developed primarily by Black feminists, shows us that achieving reproductive freedom does not involve abortion alone. It involves a network of issues including contraception, sex education, a variety of reproductive health services (i.e., STI care and prevention, prenatal and pregnancy care, preventative screenings, etc.), domestic violence support, and access to equitable working and housing conditions. All of these things affect a person’s ability to live with full reproductive choice and autonomy, including support for those choices, not just the freedom to make them.
As SB8 comes into action along with a constant stream of disheartening news surrounding abortion access in the United States, many of us are left feeling frustrated and wondering how to possibly help. Because of the highly restrictive nature of the law, carried out by both state institutions and, eventually, its anti-abortion citizens, individuals seeking abortions will need to rely on abortion funding and travel networks more than ever. While organizations like Planned Parenthood and the ACLU will be a large part of the ongoing fight for abortion rights, grassroots, locally-based networks will be providing a substantial amount of direct resources to those seeking abortion outside of Texas, including money for procedures, travel accommodations, and emotional and physical support.
SB8 and the ongoing stream of attempts (and successes) to limit abortion access in the United States are devastating and those who care about and organize for reproductive rights and justice are facing an uphill battle. However, history shows us that the relentlessness and collective strength of these organizers can transform unimaginable realities into opportunities for justice, revolution, and a revitalization of an entire movement.
"You have to act as if it were possible to radically transform the world. And you have to do it all the time." -- Angela Davis
Links to abortion funds/networks in Texas:
Buckle Bunnies Fund
Fund Texas Choice
Jane's Due Process
Indigenous Women Rising Fund
Stigma Relief Fund
Texas Equal Access Fund
Deanna Buley is a PhD Candidate in the Global Gender and Sexuality studies at the University at Buffalo. They are a Teaching Assistant in the department for courses including Feminist Theory and Gender and Popular Culture. Deanna's research focuses on abortion travel networks in highly restrictive regions in the United States and they hope to become a Professor of Gender Studies after completing their doctorate.
August 30, 2021
You were part of the original group of women faculty who helped found the Gender Institute, what has changed since it was founded?
Everything has changed! When the institute was started, there were many feminist scholars at UB who networked with each other, but there wasn’t any organized way for them to connect, particularly to include those who worked in disciplines outside the humanities. I was recruited to join the initial group because I was in the sciences. From the inception, there has been a commitment in the Gender Institute to work across disciplines, with important efforts to bring people together across disciplines to develop new ideas and to move research forward on gender and sexuality at UB.
What prompted your research interest in cancer and epidemiology?
My background is in nutrition; I worked for several years in clinical and community nutrition before I went to graduate school. From that experience in the field, I knew that I wanted to do epidemiologic research on nutrition in relation to chronic diseases. I came to UB because there were researchers here doing ground breaking work on cancer and nutrition. It was a great opportunity to work with them.
How does cancer research relate to gender? (I know one of your interests includes breast cancer)
Most of my research is focused on breast cancer which has everything to do with gender—while a small number of men get breast cancer, it predominantly affects women and, as you are probably aware, breast cancer affects a large number of women. There are more than 2 million new cases and about 685,000 breast cancer deaths globally each year. Women have been very influential at every level in moving breast cancer research forward to improve understanding, prevention and treatment, and in making sure that appropriate funding is available to address this important public health issue. They have been pivotal in advocacy, in funding decisions and in doing the research.
You were recently awarded the American Public Health Association’s Abraham Lilienfeld Award for teaching. What do you love about teaching epidemiology?
I have been very lucky to have the chance to work with wonderful students who are now in leadership in epidemiology. I think that doing epidemiologic research is a great challenge and also enormous fun. I enjoy sharing that experience with students both inside the classroom and out. I particularly enjoy mentoring students in their research and seeing them grow and develop.
What are you looking forward to as Deputy Director of the Gender Institute?
I am excited to be in this role in the Gender Institute for a number of reasons. I appreciate the chance to interact more with faculty and students outside of my school. There has been an amazing legacy of outstanding leadership of the GI. I am very honored to join those ranks. The Institute Director, Carrie Bramen, has a thoughtful and impressive vision for the Institute and how it can be part of UB’s move toward the next level. I look forward to working with her and the others involved in the Institute to think about new directions and about how to use the Institute to make UB an even better place, to learn, to work and to make a better world.
February 24, 2021
What do you get when you pair; an art-savvy psychology major from the University at Buffalo, a budding researcher in biology at Stonybrook University, and a compassionate health care worker at SUNY Empire State? Three young women looking for a place to shine and showcase their common passion. Women's Empowerment
The original GWEM team came about as a transition arose from a summer program. All three young women, (Daniela Maniscalchi, Jasmine Kumar, and I) had attended the SUNY COIL program for the first Virtual Study Abroad during the height of the 2020 Pandemic. While bars and restaurants were closed, and statewide lockdowns and restrictions were in place, the only place open was the opportunity that awaited at the other end of the Zoom call with their NGO in Nigeria (PriHEMAC). As I led my team, we hurdled over the predictable challenges that come with working abroad or with a global clientele and grappled with the new challenge of working on a virtual platform. As the communication was still struggling with the team, I began to post on the message board about wanting to do a magazine laying out the foundation of what I thought we could offer the NGO, even considering the time. It would allow for individual student work to be showcased, as well as promote the mission of the NGO. With the team supporting my mission, and Professor John Justino's support, the magazine was a great success. The NGO had applauded the efforts of the team and distributed the contents to over 1000 of its stakeholders.
As the project ended, I reached out to my team members and offered to continue the work we had started with the second issue of PriHEMAC magazine. The team agreed to work under my parent organization, Buffalo Custom Art, to produce more content for the NGO. But little did we know that this would soon be flipped upside down.
That week I had signed up for another virtual study abroad class led by Dr. Mara Huber. The class, which was much like the SUNY COIL program, but more in-depth, focused on the country of Tanzania. The class, which comes in the form of an individualized project experience, prompted discussion about Women's Safety during a guest speaker visit. Dr. Huber's class, which didn't necessarily focus on Women's empowerment, slowly began to evolve into female empowerment topics. Speakers would voice concerns about the social, physical, and mental problems associated with women's human rights issues such as rape, FGM, early childhood marriage, and more.
After that class visit, something deep within me stirred and I wasted no time getting to work. That night I pulled out a whiteboard and started mapping out an idea for a Women's Empowerment Fundraiser in which I would paint female empowerment artwork that would be auctioned off for a cause. I approached Dr. Huber the next day and as we percolated over the idea of a fundraiser, we faced two major problems. 1. Most of New York was still under social distancing orders, so hosting an event to auction would be difficult if not impossible. 2. Money is just a drop in the bucket to the bigger problem: a lack of awareness. Coming into Dr. Huber's class why had I not heard of these topics before? It wasn't like they were small social issues. I asked Dr. Huber if she thought making another magazine to highlight the issues would be a good idea, and Dr. Huber supported it.
After the meeting, I sat at the drawing board staring blankly at the paintings debating on what to do next. Then, the idea hit like a ton of bricks. If I wasn't informed on these topics when I thought I had been, who else wasn't? If the idea of a girl being propositioned so they can attend school doesn't turn your stomach or that FGM is now being performed on baby girls as young as a year old doesn't compel you to act, then you need to reexamine the world in a more dynamic point of view. The fact is that these are real social issues, that have complex and nasty implications when they are fought against. Women have died trying to fight for basic human rights, and why should they be fighting alone? And why are these stories and efforts going somewhat unnoticed? That was the night GWEM was born. I worked through the next few days making a website, creating a palatable feminist brand that would promote women's sustainability issues and projects, student collaboration with NGOs, changemakers, educators, and global communities. When it was presented to Dr. Huber as a concept the idea quickly gained traction. The first magazine was a huge success, with many young women appreciating the real and raw content they were reading.
GWEM Magazine, the Global Women's Empowerment Network now consists of over 300 members and is quickly growing its subscriber base. It is a free publication that is looking for student and educator submissions concerning women's empowerment initiatives, sustainability efforts, and more. One goal of our project is to make feminism a palatable experience for all women, as well as highlighting real Women's issues and stories, much unlike other magazines out on the market. The second issue of the magazine ( The Dreamer Edition ), which will discuss the Social Determinants of Health about Women's empowerment, is set to be released in the Summer of 2021.
Currently, GWEM is looking for faculty and students who are willing to promote or support its mission. GWEM Magazine is also open on the ELN's Project portal for interested students looking for a global collaboration experience. For more information, please visit www.gwemag.com or contact Editor in Chief Amanda Hart email@example.com
It's your time to shine!
Amanda Hart is the founder and Editor-in-Chief of GWEM Magazine.
February 8, 2021
In September of 2020, I joined the Gender Institute as a work-study student. I was excited to participate in all the good work they do and interested to learn more about how they advocate for the rights of women, people of color, and people in the LGBTQ+ community on UB’s campus. I looked forward to exploring how I could use my background and skills in Linguistics to further these causes. When I joined the Gender Institute team, I was invited to take a look at some linguistic research that had been donated to the Institute by a professor. These turned out to be old projects that had been completed in the 1990s by the students of Dr. Madeleine Mathiot, Professor Emerita of the Linguistics Department at UB. Her students had conducted interviews with their peers to discover what words they used to describe someone of the opposite gender. Altogether, these students had collected over 1,000 gendered descriptive terms!
When I contacted Professor Mathiot to ask her permission to use this data in a study, she was kind, courteous, and incredibly helpful. It had been many years since this project was completed, but she offered to help in any way that she could. She even suggested a further study she had contributed to that could help inform my research. This generosity, and a passion for unique research, seems to have characterized Dr. Mathiot’s entire career. She received her Ph. D in Anthropology from the Catholic University of America after receiving her M. S. in Linguistics from Georgetown University. Her work was rooted in structuralist methods, and she combined ethnographic, semantic, and fieldwork research. Her expertise in indigenous languages of the Southwestern US resulted in several publications, including a Tohono ‘O’odham-English usage dictionary in 1973. Throughout her career, Dr. Mathiot combined the cognitive and cultural aspects of language use, which included producing a large body of work on folk taxonomy and definitions. She creatively and courageously followed her own research path, independent of the popular research trends of the time.
On December 4, 2020, Dr. Madeleine Mathiot died peacefully. She is honored and remembered fondly by her colleagues in the UB Linguistics Department and the University at Buffalo at large. Though I have known her solely through email correspondence, she provided me with all the tools I needed to launch the largest research project I have conducted so far in my career. Her life and work are an inspiration to all aspiring linguists, myself included. She has had an incredible impact in the fields of language and gender for many years and will continue to influence future researchers for years to come.
As for me, I wish to represent her work well in my own project and build upon her research. I hope that my efforts will be a fitting tribute to her legacy and that my work will honor her own.
Sydney Jameson-Blowers is pursuing her Master's in Linguistics. She is a researcher at the Gender Institute working on a comparative analysis of Dr. Mathiot's work with contemporary gendered language terms. This project will be featured on upcoming episodes of the Gender Matters Podcast.
October 6, 2020
On September 24-26, I had the honor of virtually attending the Survivors Agenda Summit. The Summit launched an agenda for survivors to form radical communities across difference and assert the power of a movement built by and for survivors of sexual and intimate partner violence. The Summit was very moving and important to me both professionally and personally. My dissertation research investigates government responses to sexual violence and anti-rape social movements. On a personal level, the Summit took place shortly before the 9-year anniversary of my own experience with sexual violence which I’ve written about previously.
Through my research, advocacy, and teaching experience, I’ve learned how power and structural violence impact people who experience assault very differently. While I’m sad for my 20-year-old self who wouldn’t figure out until years later that what happened that night was violence that she neither invited or deserved, I recognize that my story is more recognizable in our cultural understanding of what sexual violence looks like. The Summit aimed to change that perception by centering those pushed to the side of the sexual violence conversation.
The Summit was organized by women of color: Ai-Jen Poo, Fatima Goss Graves, Tarana Burke, and Monica Ramirez. Throughout the Summit, they brought together experts in their own experiences, queer, trans, and nonbinary people, people with varying disabilities, people living with the aftermath of military sexual violence, Indigenous women facing an epidemic of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women (MMIW), people at the intersection of sexual violence and immigration status and many more.
Between panels and opening and closing each day, the Summit featured musicians, poets, performing artists, yoga practitioners, and more. An entire page of the Summit’s website was devoted to virtual healing spaces that folks could access if they had trauma responses during and after events.
What made the Survivors Agenda Summit so powerful was that, for once, the space was not dominated by people who look like me. I am white, able-bodied (and relatively able-minded), cis-heterosexual, well-educated, and middle class-adjacent. My research shows me that women of color, especially Indigenous women, are far more likely to experience sexual and gender-based violence than myself. The data proves that LGBTQ people are disproportionately represented in sexual violence statistics, yet have the hardest time accessing services that were built around the experiences and needs of cis-het women.
The Summit was truly an exercise in moving from margin to center, as bell hooks would say. Those most marginalized in movements took the Summit platform by storm. I learned so much from just listening to these speakers, artists, healers, and warriors. What happens when we center the most vulnerable in our movement spaces? What has been lost when white women have excluded the expertise, needs, and vision of those we have othered? We got a small and powerful glimpse of a revolutionary world free of violence against all people. We can work toward achieving this world when privileged folks like me commit to stepping back and lifting up the work these folks have been doing for a long time. This is just the start. Let’s get to it.
Hilary Vandenbark is a PhD Candidate in Global Gender and Sexuality Studies at the University at Buffalo. Vandenbark currently serves as the Graduate Assistant at the Gender Institute and hopes to work in public policy and advocacy upon completing her doctorate.
May 18, 2020
At the beginning of each summer, the Gender Institute invites faculty, staff, and graduate students to share their summer reading selections with us! Ranging from cutting edge scholarship to comforting classics to works that resonate with current events, this year's lists are sure to pique your interest!
The Gender Institute would like to thank those who contributed their selections this year, including Glenna Bett Sharonah Fredrick, Stacy Hubbard, Carine Mardorossian, Kathleen Parks Marsh, Cody Mejeur, Randy Schiff, David Schmid, Kari Winter, and Victoria Wolcott.
My summer quarantine reading list includes Mary Beard’s Laughter in Ancient Rome (2015). Anything by Dame Mary Beard, Professor of Classics at Cambridge, is worth reading, listening to, or viewing. She has transformed our access to history, bringing a tangible sense of what life was actually like for the people. This looks to be a great book, as the first snippet I read was about a Senator who wanted to laugh out loud in response to the foolish behavior of his pompous leader, and had to chew vigorously on laurel leaves to hide his laugh. Laughing in the face of “Leaders”! That is what we need.
The second book on the list is Gaston Dorren’s Babel: Around the World in Twenty Languages. Tracing the connectedness of people through the languages of the world is always fun. How similar we are, how different we are. Of course, the roots of “English” are an incredible fusion, reflecting all those who conquered the British Isles. The English language continues to be reshaped, reformed, and redefined for use around the world. The evolution of languages is interesting. This book was positively reviewed, but the few pages I have read center on Dorren, rather than on the evolution of language, which is disappointing. Babel has been abandoned in my car since quarantine began. Will I summon sufficient interest to retrieve the book before the lockdown ends?
At the top of my stack of summer reading is Tatyana Fazlalizadeh’s long awaited Stop Telling Women to Smile: Stories of Street Harassment and How We’re Taking Back Our Power (Seal Press 2020). A classically trained oil painter based in Brooklyn, Fazlalizadeh started a street art series a number of years ago featuring portraits of women with a single sentence describing how they feel about being harassed in public places. “My name is not baby, sweetie, sweetheart, shorty, sexy, honey, pretty.” There is a short documentary about this project that I show my first-year students in Creative Nonfiction, and I hope to have them read this book when I teach this course again in the Fall.
The second book is Harvard historian Walter Johnson’s latest The Broken Heart of America: St. Louis and the Violent History of the United States (Hachette 2020). Beginning with Lewis and Clark’s 1804 expedition to the Ferguson uprising in 2014, St Louis represents “a crucible of American history,” where empire intersects with anti-Blackness. This book has already been deemed a masterpiece, in the vein of W. E. B. Du Bois’s essay “The Souls of White Folk,” written in the aftermath of the 1917 massacre in East St. Louis.
I am looking forward to diving into the Spanish-language novel by the great Catalan writer, Ildefonso Falcones, La catedral del mar. The book tells a powerful story of love, hate, religious intolerance, and female and male survival in the dark world of late medieval Barcelona. Its story focuses on women of the serf class and the men who loved or hated them, and the ways in which the stranglehold of the early Iberian Inquisition forced women into marginalized and victimized positions, which included having to marry their rapist if the rapist so desired. (Yes folks, the Inquisition started long before Muslims and Jews were expelled from Spain in the late 15th century). La catedral del mar is by a male author who has a magnificent power of empathy with his female heroines, and I find it uplifting to know that it IS thoroughly possible for men to comprehend, and support, women's struggles in any epoch. I've seen the impressive television series based on La catedral del mar which Spain's RTVE network produced a few years ago; and now I can't wait to dive into that mar (sea for you all who don't yet know Spanish) with a cup of nice thick Mexican cocoa on a sunny soft day.
I've been enjoying front door delivery from Talking Leaves Books in recent weeks. In my latest bag are Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Homeownership by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor (a former UB undergraduate now teaching at Princeton); Ha Jin's A Map of Betrayal (the story of a woman's search for the history of her father, a Chinese spy captured in the U.S.); and Maxine Hong Kingston's China Men (the partner text to The Woman Warrior, based on her father's experience as a Chinese immigrant in the U.S.). I'm also in the middle of reading Elizabeth Outka's Viral Modernism: The Influenza Pandemic and Interwar Literature, which I actually bought just before our current pandemic hit--the historical resonances between our present moment and the 1918-19 flu season are quite illuminating (though bleak).
I needed to read something funny and light to help me bear the chaos that has been surrounding us in so many dimensions of our lives since the pandemic. So I picked up again A.J. Jacobs’s The Know-It-All: One Man’s Humble Quest to Become the Smartest Person in the World, which is simply hilarious and was endorsed by none other than Jon Stewart. It is as funny the second time as the first, and speaks to every academic’s obsession with the nature of knowledge.
#Hashtag Activism by Sarah J. Jackson, Moya Bailey, & Brooke Foucault Welles
After hearing these women speak about their book I am fascinated to read more about how marginalized and disenfranchised groups have used this social media platform to effectively and often times powerfully advocate for themselves and their causes.
Crazy Love by Leslie Morgan Steiner
In teaching Psychology of Aggression and Violence this Spring, I came across the Ted Talk by Leslie and subsequently purchased her book. She chronicles her experience as a young 22 year old woman whose seemingly perfect boyfriend/fiancé became the husband who pushed her down stairs and threatened her with a gun, and why it took so long to leave him.
When We Believed in Mermaids: A Novel by Barbara O’Neal
I have read the first two chapters on-line and am hooked….this novel describes a woman who lost her sister in a terrorist attack 15 years ago and now believes she has seen her in a news broadcast half-way around the world.
It has all the elements I love, sisters, mystery, and a search for truth.
I look forward to using the summer months to catch up on some publishing projects at a relaxed pace with plenty of breaks, and to that end I’ll be reading two recent books by colleagues in queer and feminist media studies. The first is Video Games Have Always Been Queer by Bonnie Ruberg. Ruberg argues that queer representation, narratives, and experiences are not something new just being added to games, but rather that video games have always had queer elements to them. For example, she argues in the first chapter that Pong can be read as a queer experience, and opens space for considering how other games without explicit queer content could further projects in queer world-building. I especially appreciate this sort of argument because it reminds me that queerness is everywhere, not just cordoned off in particular approved areas of society and
The second book is Gamer Trouble: Feminist Confrontations in Digital Culture by Amanda Phillips. Informed by queer and women of color feminisms, Phillips’ book tackles how issues (troubles) of difference, diversity, and online violence are not just issues of representation––they’re inherent to every part of digital technologies from the logics of computation and control to optimization of gameplay to hardware and software industry practices. Phillips’ work is also situated within digital humanities discourses and practices, and I’m looking forward to seeing how she traces the links between games and the many industries and technologies related to them. As I often tell my students, games are a microcosm of larger societal and cultural trends, and an especially important one given the ties between hate movements like GamerGate and the Alt-Right.
Summer 2020 seems like a great time to finally read Ice, by Anna Kavan. I have been eyeing this icy post-apocalypse narrative for a long time. Perhaps the confluence of environmental deterioration and political dysfunction will offer some strangely comforting escapism during these difficult times: it could, after all, be much worse. A second item that I plan to read this summer is The Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu. I’ve never gotten very far into what is regarded by many as one of the finest works of premodern world literature—and perhaps this will be the summer where I finally read it all the way through. My translated edition comes complete with wonderful woodcuts from a seventeenth-century edition of Lady Murasaki’s novel.
Summer is the time I reserve for big books I don't have enough time to read during the academic year. This summer I'm planning to read two massive tomes by veteran and prolific Marxist theorists. First up is geographer David Harvey's A Companion to Marx's Capital, the written version of the famous annual lectures Harvey has been giving on this subject for decades (and which are available on YouTube). I plan to read this alongside Capital itself, just as one might read Freud alongside Ernest Jones' The Life and Work of Sigmund Freud. I'll then turn to Mike Davis' and Jon Wiener's Set the Night on Fire, the first comprehensive history of social and political movements in Los Angeles in the Sixties. Together, I hope these books will help me figure out how to configure the 'new normal' in a post-COVID world by combining local activism on the part of sexual, racial, and political minorities with global anti-capitalist struggle.
This summer, I'm looking forward to exploring new conceptualizations of masculinity and catching up on some of the great scholarship being produced here at UB. Starting with Dr. Ndubueze Mbah's Emergent Masculinities: Gendered Power and Social Change in the Biafran Atlantic Age. Next, I'm going to read Peggy Orenstein's new book Boys and Sex: Young Men on Hookups, Love, Porn, Consent, and Navigating the New Masculinity. I am also currently revisiting Deborah Gould's Moving Politics: Emotion and ACT UP's Fight Against AIDS because it feels particularly timely and insightful for how emotions are being mobilized for good or ill during COVID-19.
I hope you also get a chance to read Lisa Downing's new book Selfish Women in anticipation of her webinar lecture with us on September 17, 2020. You can register here: https://bit.ly/LisaDowningWebinar
Having just completed Rebecca Solnit’s memoir, Recollections of My Nonexistence, which articulates brilliant insights into how women are silenced through being denied credibility, I am now beginning her essay collection-cum-cultural- phenomenon, Men Explain Things to Me.
I am re-reading Barbara Goldsmith’s Other Powers: The Age of Suffrage, Spiritualism, and the Scandalous Victoria Woodhull, which I highly recommend to anyone who wants to understand nineteenth-century America, the horrific underside of women’s oppression, the reasons women turned to spiritualism for empowerment, and the genealogy of evangelical misogyny. I’m planning to finish W.E.B. DuBois’s monumental Black Reconstruction, a masterpiece of historiography wrenched from unwilling archives and hostile institutions. To lighten the mood, I plan to spend hours every day reading the nature in my garden.
This summer I’m reading two dynamic works of American religious history that place gender at their center: Benjamin E. Park’s Kingdom of Nauvoo: The Rise and Fall of a Religious Empire on an American Frontier uses recently available Mormon archival records to excavate a remarkable religious utopia. Jacob S. Dorman’s The Princess and the Prophet: The Secret History of Magic, Race, and Moorish Muslims in America tells the story of Prophet Noble Drew Ali who founded the Moorish Science Temple of America. I am also eager to read Buffalo-native Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor’s multiple-prize winning book, Race for Profit: How Banks and the Real Estate Industry Undermined Black Homeownership. And when I need a break I’ll be finishing Martha Wells’s Murderbot series, hilarious short science fiction novels about a robot designed to kill who would prefer to binge his favorite shows.
May 14, 2020
In March 2020, Professor Lillian Williams (African and African-American Studies/Transnational Studies) received one of the inaugural Trailblazing Women of Western New York Award for her dedication to ensuring Women of Color's contributions to WNY are not forgotten. Williams serves on the steering committee of the Trailblazing Women of Western New York Monuments Project. Below is a transcript of her acceptance speech which she has graciously allowed us to share as well as some photos from this and past Trailblazing Women events.
I am pleased to accept the Trailblazing Women’s Award.
I want to thank the Trailblazers for bestowing this honor upon me and congratulations to the other recipients.
Oberlin College Alumna and Educator Anna Julia Cooper wrote “it is not the intelligent woman v. the ignorant woman; nor the white woman v. the black, the brown, and the red, --it is not even the cause of woman v. man. Nay ‘tis woman’s strongest vindication for speaking that the world needs to hear her voice.” What a gift it has been to work with such women of courage, commitment and compassion and to hear their diverse voices.
My journey as an historian probably began in first grade when my teacher Mrs. Fisher encouraged students to bring books to school to share. I was fascinated by my father’s book collection and I chose to share Historian J. A. Rogers’ 100 Little Known Facts about the Negro. Rogers wrote about African kings and queens, warriors and scientists. Much to my surprise Mrs. Fisher told me that my father’s books were a pack of lies and I should not bring them to school. She informed the class that Africans had not contributed anything to civilization and that they were only slaves. But the clincher for me was that she said Africa was the dark continent. I was on the verge of tears at that point because I thought the sun didn’t shine in Africa. This experience posed a conflict for me—my Dad, my hero v. the establishment educator. Nevertheless, I secretly continued my clandestine studies
and shared my findings only with trusted classmates.
My secret pursuits continued and were encouraged by my eight grade English teacher Miss Kelly who urged me to learn about the experiences of African Americans, especially women like Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth. She assigned me to teach what I had learned to the class, for she said she would be penalized, if she taught those texts. But she contended that I could because her students had to do oral presentations and could select their own topics.
These experiences taught me to dig deeply, to conduct research and to persist in my pursuit of the truth. They also taught me what an important tool history is. There was no doubt that I would major in history when I went to college. But they also imbued in me the desire to make the knowledge that I was acquiring available to a broader community of lay and academic populations. Service was a critical component in making this happen. My parents were active in their communities. They took me to lectures, introduced me to civil rights organizations and provided role models and road maps for civic engagement which later produced lectures, museum exhibitions, publications, etc.
The Trailblazing Monuments project is a culmination of the work of many individuals to honor women who battled racism, gender inequity and classism. As Buffalo suffragist and human rights activist Mary Burnett Talbert observed, it is important that our children know that these women dedicated their lives to transforming their world; thus, they prove that persistent struggle yields progress and they, too, can thrive and make a difference.
I thank you for this award and I accept it in memory of my mother, Ada Lucille Williams.
Lillian Serece Williams
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