All UB students are expected to uphold high standards of academic integrity. As a result, students are responsible for knowing what constitutes an act of dishonesty, and a lack of awareness is not considered an excuse. At UB, academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, the following:
- Cheating: Cheating involves using any unauthorized aids on exams, papers, reports, assignments or any other academic work. If there are questions about what resources are allowed to be accessed or the level of collaboration that is allowed to occur, instructors should be asked to specify the guidelines.
- Plagiarizing: Plagiarism is the act of using the words or ideas of other people and representing them as one’s own. It can consist of the large-scale copying of paragraphs and pages of text from other sources, or it can consist of the unwitting failure to credit sources of ideas and words. Plagiarism is an act that is especially offensive in the academic community, where ideas and words are held in such high regard.
- Aiding in Academic Dishonesty: In addition to committing dishonest acts to benefit yourself, academic integrity forbids unauthorized assistance to others. Students cannot knowingly aid others in acts of academic dishonesty. This includes, but is not limited to, completing an examination or assignment for another student or stealing an examination or completed assignment for another student. Students are also responsible for protecting their work from others (e.g., not leaving laptops unattended and open to assignments).
- Submitting Previously Submitted Work: Students should recognize that reusing their own work (in whole or in part) for multiple assignments, either in a single course or in multiple courses, is self-plagiarism. Prior and expressed consent of all faculty members involved is required for this to ever be allowable. Faculty have the right to expect that all work done in their course is original.
- Falsifying Academic Materials: Honesty is the foundation of the teacher-student relationship. Any falsification of academic materials obviously erodes that relationship. Simple examples include false excuses for absences or reasons for late work as well as forging an instructor’s name or initials. More serious violations include fabricating laboratory materials, notes, reports, or any form of computer data as well as submitting an altered examination or assignment for re-evaluation without the instructor’s authorization.
- Misrepresenting Documents: No university or official document, record or form of identification can be misused in any way. This includes forgery or alteration. Examples might be altering a transcript or tampering with a student ID.
- Purchasing Academic Assignments: Buying written materials from another person, company, or vendor constitutes a serious breach of academic integrity. Often called “contract cheating,” this practice is an egregious form of plagiarism and misrepresentation since students are deliberately misleading instructors about what they know or have learned.
- Selling Academic Assignments: Offering for purchase any assignment or inappropriate assistance on an assignment that is known to be in fulfillment of a UB requirement is a clear act of academic dishonesty. All submitted work must entirely represent the effort of the student in the course.