BY CHARLOTTE HSU republished from UBNow
Release date: July 23, 2019
Ruthenium, a transition metal, is a key component of catalysts used to speed up chemical reactions in the food, pharmaceutical and petroleum products industries.
Ruthenium does its job well. But it’s scarce, pricey and toxic.
To address these problems, UB chemist David Lacy has received a $650,000 CAREER award from the National Science Foundation to study new chemical compounds that could replace their ruthenium counterparts. His focus is on developing catalysts based on manganese, which in contrast to ruthenium, is abundant, cheap and nontoxic.
“Our work in developing manganese-based catalysts will enable new sustainable chemistry by replacing toxic and expensive ruthenium-based catalysts that are currently in use,” says Lacy, assistant professor of chemistry, College of Arts and Sciences.
The CAREER award is one of the nation’s most prestigious honors for early-career faculty. With Lacy’s new grant, UB researchers have received 11 CAREER awards in 2019.
Probing properties of manganese catalysts
Manganese catalysts are chemical complexes that contain a variety of interesting chemical properties. Through the CAREER project, Lacy and his students will tailor different components of manganese catalysts to fine-tune the compounds’ properties for industrial applications.
Ultimately, the goal is to create catalysts for hydrogenation and dehydrogenation, processes that are useful in food chemistry and in production of certain pharmaceuticals and petroleum-derived products.
“Manganese shares some of the properties of ruthenium and other transition metals, but it also has some interesting and unique chemical and electronic properties of its own,” Lacy says. “We’re excited to explore how manganese-based catalysts perform in chemical reactions, and how we can maximize their effectiveness and improve their turnover rates, which has to do with the number of times a catalyst can be used before it starts to decompose.”
In addition to the lab work, Lacy’s team will partner with local schools to develop hands-on projects that encourage students to pursue careers in STEM. These educational initiatives are in collaboration with the WNY STEM Forum and the Interdisciplinary Science and Engineering Partnership (ISEP), a UB-led partnership with Buffalo Public Schools, SUNY Buffalo State and the Buffalo Museum of Science to improve science education in Buffalo schools.
Sustainable Development Goals:
9. Industry , innovation, & infrastructure: Creating resilient infrastructure that promotes sustainable and constructive industrialization
12. Responsible consumption & production: Developing sustainable methods of product invention and consumer spending