Many music, games, and videos downloaded through file-sharing
programs fall into the category of copyright infringement. That is,
the users downloading the files do not have the permission of the
copyright owner. In addition, peer-to-peer file-sharing programs do
not determine whether requests for media files are requests for
copyright-licensed or freely-sharable materials.
If you copy music to your computer from a CD you purchased and
are signed on to a peer-to-peer service with file-sharing enabled;
you are making the copyrighted music you purchased available to
others. YOU are distributing copyrighted material and the copyright
owner can hold you liable for a copyright violation.
Copyright owners frequently hire agents to scan university
networks for copyrighted materials that are available to others
from computer systems on the UB network. UB receives many notices
from these organizations alleging copyright infringement. They
focus on college campuses because of the high level of file-sharing
activity. The DMCA makes Internet Service Providers (ISPs) liable
if they do not act to ensure removal of infringing materials when
they receive notice of copyright infringement. UB is an ISP for
many at the University who use campus network services such as
ResNet or UB Wi-Fi.
DMCA provides procedures that may be used by ISPs in dealing with
claims of copyright infringement.
A member of the UB community learns that s/he has been named in a
notice of copyright infringement when UB IT account access is
denied. The deactivation message contains instructions to contact
the campus Computer Discipline Officer to discuss the copyright
infringement. Access to a UB IT account is reinstated after the
meeting with the Computer Discipline Officer has taken place and
the allegedly infringing material has been removed. UB is sensitive
to the academic calendar and academic deadlines of the campus
community, realizing the impact to academic work that results from
deactivating accounts in response to copyright infringement