Creating holistic learning experiences that engage students with different types of learning.
There are many categories of learning, each of which fall under three major domains: cognitive (see Blooms Taxonomy of Knowledge), affective and psychomotor.
Each type of learning outcome requires a different type of instruction. The cognitive ability to recall the word for “Hello” in Arabic, the affective social skills that make us good listeners and the acquisition of motor skills needed to ride a bicycle all require different approaches to instruction.
Most college learning is designed to take place in the cognitive domain, developing mental skills and the acquisition of knowledge. However, depending on your subject, it may be necessary to offer learning experiences that target outcomes in the other domains.
In order to determine which types of learning outcomes are most appropriate for your subject matter, answer these questions:
In addition to the many cognitive requirements of a law student, they would also benefit from an attitude that helps them persist in the face of a challenge, confidence to voice an unpopular opinion, and affective skills that make them good listeners and keen observers of human nature. Psychomotor skills relevant to the field could include perceptual abilities to take in visual and auditory information from the environment to read a situation and react.
These are further examples that might advance your understanding of the domains of learning and how to use them to inform your teaching.
The first two taxonomies of learning (cognitive and affective) are currently out of print and difficult to obtain and the third (psychomotor) was never published. We recommend starting with Krathwohl’s revision of Bloom’s taxonomy.