Bi-Directional Analysis of Smoking and Breastfeeding

Arsh Issany

UB Maternal and Child Health Lab Logo.

UB Maternal and Child Health Lab Logo

Undergraduate Student Project

Introduction

Breastfeeding is vital to both the child and the mother. While 83.2% of mothers initiate breastfeeding, only about 24.9% exclusively breastfeed at the recommended 6 months. In the Maternal and Child Health lab, we take smoking pregnant mothers and put them through a multi-component smoking cessation intervention program. We set out to answer these two questions: Can smoking cessation lead to increased breastfeeding initiation and duration and can increased breastfeeding can prevent smoking relapse. We found that yes we can increase breastfeeding by smoking cessation and - as part of a cycle - prevent smoking relapse post-partum with increased breastfeeding duration.

Abstract

83.2% of mothers initiate breastfeeding, but only about 24.9% exclusively breastfeed at the recommended 6 months. Smoking is a potential risk factor with non-initiation of breastfeeding. There is a known negative association with breastfeeding duration and adverse childhood outcomes including obesity. We hypothesize that smoking cessation can lead to increased breastfeeding initiation and duration as well as increased breastfeeding can prevent smoking relapse.

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