Maternal Substance Use and Toddler Self-Regulation

Eiden | Colder | Schuetze
This study examined the impact of prenatal exposure to cocaine and other substances and associated environmental risks on the development of children’s ability to regulate physiology and behavior in response to stress from birth to middle childhood and social competence in the school setting.

The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of prenatal cocaine and other substance exposure on developmental trajectories for self-regulation from toddler to kindergarten age. Self-regulation is defined as the emergence of impulse control, compliance, and internalization of rules of conduct. As the children in the study begin kindergarten, assessments will also include children’s adjustment to the school setting and classroom behavior. In addition to maternal substance use, other risk factors often associated with maternal substance use such as poor infant growth, maternal depression, anxiety, and anger/hostility, and caregiving instability will be measured at each time point, and considered as mediators or moderators of child outcomes. Drs. Claire Coles, Emory University, and Phillip Zeskind, Carolinas Medical Center, will contribute to the study.

Principal Investigator
Rina Das Eiden, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Pamela Schuetze, PhD
Buffalo State College

Craig Colder, PhD
Department of Psychology
University at Buffalo

Funding Agency
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)