Kenneth E. Leonard, PhD

Kenneth E. Leonard, PhD.

CRIA Director
Senior Research Scientist

Clinical Psychology

Department of Psychiatry
Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

Contact Information

1021 Main Street
Buffalo, NY  14203-1016
Phone: (716) 887-2566
Google Scholar

Primary Research Areas

Marital/family processes; parenting and infant development; interpersonal aggression; bar violence; domestic violence.

Research Publications Expertise

Representative and Recent Publications

Leonard, K.E., & Quigley, B.M. (2017). Thirty years of research show alcohol to be a cause of intimate partner violence: Future research needs to identify who to treat and how to treat them. Drug and Alcohol Review, 36(1), 7-9.
PMID: 27305859  DOI: 10.1111/dar.12434

Eiden, R.D., Lessard, J., Colder, C.R., Livingston, J., Casey, M., & Leonard, K.E. (2016). Developmental cascade model for adolescent substance use from infancy to late adolescence. Developmental Psychology, 52(10), 1619-1633.
PMID: 27584669 | PMCID: PMC5056785 [Available on 2017-10-01] | DOI: 10.1037/dev0000199

Derrick, J.L., Houston, R.J., Quigley, B.M., Testa, M., Kubiak, A., Levitt, A., Homish, G.G., & Leonard, K.E. (2016). (Dis)similarity in impulsivity and martial satisfaction:  A comparison of volatility, compatibility, and incompatibility hypotheses. Journal of Research in Personality, 61, 35-49.
PMID: 26949275 | PMCID: PMC4774250 | DOI: 10.1016/j.jrp.2016.02.001

Leonard, K.E. (2015). Perspective:  Beyond the neural circuits. Nature Outlook Addiction, 522, S56.
PMID: 26107097 | DOI: 10.1038/522S56a

Levitt, A., & Leonard, K.E. (2015). Insecure attachment styles, relationship-drinking contexts, and marital alcohol problems:  Testing the mediating role of relationship-specific drinking-to-cope motives. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 29(3), 696-705.
PMID: 25799439  | PMCID: PMC4580495  | DOI: 10.1037/adb0000064

Houston, R. J., Derrick, J., Leonard, K. E., Testa, M., Quigley, B. M., & Kubiak, A. J. (2014). Effects of heavy drinking on executive cognitive functioning in a community sample. Addictive Behaviors, 39, 345-349.
PMID: 24459697

Kachadourian, L. K., Quigley, B. M., & Leonard, K. E. (2014). Alcohol expectancies and evaluation of aggression in alcohol-related intimate-partner verbal and physical aggression. Journal of Studies on Alcohol & Drugs, 75(5), 744-752.
PMID: 25208191

Leonard, K. E., Winters, J. J., Kearns-Bodkin, J. N., Homish, G. G., & Kubiak, A. J. (2014, August 11). Dyadic patterns of intimate partner violence in early marriage. Psychology of Violence.
PMID:25506502 Advance online publication:

Testa, M., Crane, C. A., Quigley, B. M., Levitt, A., & Leonard, K. E. (2014). Effects of administered alcohol on intimate partner interactions in a conflict resolution paradigm. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 75(2), 249-258.
PMID:24650819 PMCID: PMC3965679

Adkison, S. E., Grohman, K., Colder, C. R., Leonard, K. E., Orrange-Torchia, T., Peterson, E., & Eiden, R. D. (2013). Impact of fathers’ alcohol use on the development of effortful control in early adolescence. Journal Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 74(5), 674-683.
PMID:23948526 PMCID: PMC3749310

Derrick, J. L., Leonard, K. E., & Homish, G. G. (2013). Perceived partner responsiveness predicts decreases in smoking during the first nine years of marriage. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 15(9), 1528-1536.
PMID:23420901 PMCID: PMC3741060

Leonard, K. E., Smith, P. H., & Homish, G. G. (2013, October 14). Concordant and discordant alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use as predictors of marital dissolution. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors.
PMID: 24128287 DOI: 10.1037/a0034053

Schumacher, J. A., Coffey, S. F., Leonard, K. E., O’Jile, J. R., & Landy, N. C. (2013). Self-regulation, daily drinking, and partner violence in alcohol treatment-seeking men. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 21(1), 17-28.
PMID: 23379612

Homish, G. G., Eiden, R. D., Leonard, K. E., & Kozlowski, L. T. (2012). Social-environmental factors  related to prenatal smoking. Addictive Behaviors, 37(1), 73-77.
PMID: 21945011

Kachadourian, L., Homish, G. G., Quigley, B. M. & Leonard, K. E. (2012). Alcohol expectancies, alcohol use, and hostility as longitudinal predictors of alcohol-related aggression. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26(3), 414-422.
PMID: 22004128

Lau-Barraco, C., Braitman, A. L., Leonard, K. E., & Padilla, M. (2012). Drinking buddies and their prospective influence on alcohol outcomes:  Alcohol expectancies as a mediator. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26(4), 747-758.
PMID: 22732054

Levitt, A., & Leonard, K.E. (2012). Relationship-specific alcohol expectancies and relationship drinking contexts:  Reciprocal influence and gender-specific effects over the first 9 years of marriage. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. Advance online publication.
PMID: 23276314 DOI: 10.1037/a0030821.

Smith, P., Homish, G.G., Leonard, K.E., & Cornelius, J.R. (2012). Intimate partner violence and specific substance use disorders: Findings from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 26(2), 236-245.
PMID: 21823768

Smith, P. H., Homish, G. G., Leonard, K. E., & Cornelius, J. R. (2012). Women ending marriage to a problem drinking partner decrease their own risk for problem drinking. Addiction, 107(8), 1453-1461.
PMID: 22321045

Testa, M., Kubiak, A., Quigley, B. M., Houston, R. J., Derrick J. L., Levitt, A., Homish, G. G., & Leonard, K. E. (2012). Husband and wife alcohol use as independent or interactive predictors of intimate partner violence. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 73(2), 268-276.
PMID: 22333334

Eiden, R. D., Leonard, K. E., Colder, C. R., Homish, G. G., Schuetze, P., Gray, T. R., & Huestis, M. A. (2011). Anger, hostility, and aggression as predictors of persistent smoking during pregnancy. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 72(6), 926-932.
PMID: 22051206

Homish, G. G., Leonard, K. E., & Cornelius, J. R. (2010). Individual, partner and relationship factors associated with non-medical use of prescription drugs. Addiction, 105, 1457-1465.
PMID:20528812 DOI: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02986.x

Kachadourian, L. K., Eiden, R. D., & Leonard, K. E. (2009). Paternal alcoholism, negative parenting, and the mediating role of marital satisfaction. Addictive Behaviors, 34, 918-927.
PMID:19541430 DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.05.003

Schumacher, J., Homish, G. G., Leonard, K. E., Quigley, B. M., & Kearns-Bodkin, J. N. (2008). Longitudinal moderators of the relationship between excessive drinking and intimate partner violence in the early years of marriage. Journal of Family Psychology, 22, 894-904.
PMID:19102610 DOI: 10.1037/a0013250

Leonard, K. E. (2008). The role of drinking patterns and acute intoxication in violent interpersonal behaviors. In Alcohol and violence: Exploring patterns and responses (pp. 29-55). Washington, DC: International Center for Alcohol Policies.

Leonard, K. E., & Homish, G. G. (2008). Predictors of heavy drinking and drinking problems over the first four years of marriage. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 22, 25-35.
PMID:18298228 DOI: 10.1037/0893-164X.22.1.25

Leonard, K. E., & Eiden, R. D. (2007). Marital and family processes in the context of alcohol use and alcohol disorders. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 3, 207-232.
PMID:17716057 DOI: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.3.022806.091424

Homish, G. G., Leonard, K. E. (2007). The drinking partnership and marital satisfaction: The longitudinal influence of discrepant drinking. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 43-51.
PMID:17295562 DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.75.1.43