- 1983-1988 Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, School of Industrial Engineering. PhD 1988. Dissertation title: Paroids: A Generic Environment for Local Search. Advisor: R.L. Rardin.
- 1982-1983 Stanford University, Palo Alto, California, Department of Operations Research. Masters of Science in Operations Research.
- 1978-1982 Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, School of Industrial and Systems Engineering. Bachelor of Science in Industrial Engineering with high honors.
- Institute for Operations and the Management Sciences (INFORMS)
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
- Institute of Industrial Engineering (IIE)
- International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE)
- International Society of Information Fusion (ISIF)