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This is not your grandmother's poetry collection

Avant-garde zines and little literary magazines are among the holdings of UB's Poetry Collection.


Published October 24, 2013


Poetry Collection Curator Michael Basinski talks about his visit to Charles Abbott's home in Pavilion, N.Y.

“Everything here has a back story,” Michael Basinski, curator of the UB Poetry Collection, says before launching into a whirlwind tour—back stories and all—of one of the world’s leading collections of 20th- and 21st-century poetry in English. One minute he’s pointing out the coffee stains on a handwritten copy of Dylan Thomas’ “Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night”; the next, sweeping his hand over a set of paintings purported to be of James Joyce’s relatives (and carried by the Joyce family throughout Europe), but quite possibly, says Basinski, “purchased by Joyce’s father at a used furniture store in an attempt to gentrify the family.”

The Poetry Collection, now in its 76th year, defies most people’s idea of poetry, and that is in part what makes it so endlessly fascinating. In addition to a world-class collection of first editions and scores of archives and original manuscripts (including the world’s largest James Joyce archive), there are avant-garde zines, little literary magazines, manifestos from the early days of Punk, collections of visual and concrete poetry, an eccentric collection of “mail art” by the likes of an organic chemist from West Virginia named Ficus Strangulenis, letters, photographs, artwork, even a sketch of the poet Robert Duncan by Robert De Niro’s mother.

In other words, nothing is too far afield for Basinski, the collection’s eighth curator. In this, he follows in the footsteps of his seven predecessors and Charles Abbott, who founded the collection in 1937. Director of the university libraries from 1934 to 1960, Abbott was unlike most literary scholars at that time in that he placed tremendous value on the work of living poets and cultivated a wide personal network. “Poets came to his home and he became friends with them,” says Basinski. “Then he harvested manuscripts from them and we now use them as calling cards.” Abbott also directed Mary Barnard, the collection’s first curator, “to write to poets and ask for, quite literally, the contents of their wastepaper baskets. At that point, contemporary poets were throwing their stuff away.”

Charles Abbott was married to Theresa Gratwick, whose family owned a 240-acre farm in Pavilion, N.Y., about 50 miles east of Buffalo. Theresa’s parents gave the caretaker’s house to Charles and Theresa, and this is where the couple entertained poets over the years, including everyone from William Carlos Williams to W.H. Auden. The third floor of the house served as Charles’ private office, and according to Basinski (who is now writing a book about Abbott), he was quite a collector of books in his own right.

So when Basinski learned from a friend that the house was slated for demolition, he made a visit to Pavilion to rescue what he could [see video at right]. “The dust was measurable, probably a quarter-inch, and the roof had rotted out,” he recalls. “Some rooms were already sealed. There were bats living in the house. It was quite decrepit.” Then he adds, with a characteristic glint, “But full of book treasure!”