Senior Research Scientist
Risk factors for the development of substance use disorders (e.g., personality variables, comorbidity); treatment matching and mechanisms of change; impact of individual differences on alcohol-related disinhibited behaviors; methodological issues in basic and applied substance abuse research.
This five-year study will research how an individual’s change in alcohol use prior to beginning treatment predicts success during and after a treatment program.
Preliminary data on pretreatment change in drinking indicate
that a subset of individuals make rapid, substantial changes prior
to starting treatment and maintain these changes during and after
treatment; others do not change substantially prior to treatment
and show only modest improvements after entering treatment.
This application proposes to investigate trajectories of
pretreatment changes in drinking and to examine the relationship of
pretreatment change to treatment outcome. Grant funded by NIAAA in the
amount of $2,708,039, 2014-2019.
This research examines the daily influence of both desires to use and desires to not use alcohol on drinking behaviors and how these processes change over the course of recovery.
This Mentored Patient-Oriented Research Career Development Award (K23) from NIAAA will provide five years of support to Dr. Robert Schlauch for training and mentoring in clinical trial methodology, daily process methodology, and the use of automated and web-based technologies in alcohol-related research. As part of this award, the incremental and predictive validity of measuring craving experiences as the concurrent activation of both approach (desires to use) and avoidance inclinations (desires to not use) will be studied combining both clinical trial and daily process methodology. Specifically, the study will examine the dynamic longitudinal relationships between daily approach and avoidance inclinations and drinking behaviors in those diagnosed with alcohol use disorders prior to (30-day pretreatment interval), during (30-day treatment interval), and after receiving a brief alcohol intervention (30-day post-treatment interval). In addition, the study will examine how these processes change over the course of recovery, including their influence on treatment initiation and treatment retention. Dr. Schlauch’s mentors on this project are Dr. Gerard Connors, RIA, and Dr. Stephen Tiffany, University at Buffalo. Funded by a grant of $593,074 from NIAAA, 2013-2018.
Event Related Potential Correlates of Impulsivity and Sensation-Seeking (funded by RIA’s Research Development Program). Examination of the neurobiological mechanisms (i.e., event-related potentials; ERPs) differentiating impulsivity and sensation-seeking personality traits, with a specific focus on indices of conflict monitoring, reward sensitivity, and boredom susceptibility (in collaboration with Rebecca Houston, PhD).
Subjective Intoxication in Social Drinkers (funded by RIA’s Research Development Program). Investigating the language of subjective intoxication used by social drinkers (e.g., drunk, buzzed, wasted), and how the use of such terms map onto the blood alcohol level (BAL) curve during the course of drinking (in collaboration with Ash Levitt, PhD).