Senior Research Scientist
Research Associate Professor, Psychology
Occupational health; workplace substance use; work-family interface; youth employment.
The main goals of this study were to determine which negative work conditions are related to alcohol use away from work and during the workday and to identify subgroups of workers who are especially vulnerable to work stress-induced alcohol use.
The use of alcohol off and on the job by employed adults represents an important social policy issue because it may affect employee health and productivity. In a systematic extension of past research, Dr. Frone investigated a broad classification of work stressors to determine the general types of work stressors that may be related to employee alcohol use. Secondly, a broad set of alcohol measures were used to determine if work stressors are more strongly related to certain dimensions of alcohol involvement including overall alcohol involvement and work-related, context-specific alcohol involvement. Lastly, a broad set of variables expected to moderate or mediate the relation between work stressors and alcohol use were examined. A national telephone survey was conducted using a representative sample of 3,500 employed individuals 18 to 65 years old. This study is expected to help shape future research by leading to a more comprehensive model of work stress and employee alcohol use. It will contribute to organizational policy and shape future intervention research on workforce and workplace alcohol use by identifying work conditions and vulnerable subgroups that can be the focus of intervention efforts and work redesign. Funded by a grant of $2,242,465 from NIAAA, 2007-2012.
Brewer | Frone
This Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) award to Principal Investigator Carol Brewer, associate professor in the UB School of Nursing was a collaborative effort with Co-investigators Christine Kovner, School of Nursing, New York University, and Michael Frone, RIA senior research scientist and associate professor in the Department of Psychology. The three-year study examined the relationships of R.N. characteristics, work setting, and labor market regions to R.N. job satisfaction and organizational commitment as well as intention to work and actual work participation. Understanding why R.N.s work, work part-time, or do not work may be useful to government and the private sector in developing reforms that may modify workforce participation and help abate the cycles of shortages which occur regularly. The researchers expanded tools that can be used to examine work behavior of the R.N. population and possibly help in the development of relevant policy. Funded by AHRQ, 2003-2005.
The use of alcohol and other drugs by employed adults represents an important social policy issue because it can undermine employee health and productivity. Although national data exist regarding the overall level of alcohol and drug use among employed adults in the U.S., much less is known about the prevalence of alcohol and drug use on the job and the physical and social availability of alcohol and drugs at work. This study addressed several key issues. First, the prevalence and distribution of workplace substance use and workplace availability was explored. Second, a model of the relating overall and workplace substance availability to overall and workplace substance use was tested. Third, a “correspondence model” of employee substance use and productivity was tested. Finally, the relationship of exposure to coworkers' on-the-job substance use to the performance and morale of individuals who did not use alcohol or drugs at work was examined. The study methodology included a national telephone survey of a representative sample of 3,500 employed adults. Funded by a grant of $1,399,892 from NIAAA. 2000-2004.
Dr. Michael Frone examined the relations among employment, alcohol/other drug use, and academic achievement during adolescence. He also investigated risk and protective factors that may influence these relationships. Funded by a grant of $564,447 from NIAAA, 1994-2000.