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Gender Differences in Responses to Caffeine in Children and Adolescents

Temple | Miller
This research will examine how gender and pubertal development impact the relationship between acute caffeine consumption and risk taking behavior in children (age 8-9) and adolescents (age 15-17).

Caffeine use in children and adolescents is on the rise, but the effects of caffeine within this population are understudied and poorly understood.   Previous studies have shown that risk taking behavior is associated with substance use, including caffeine, emerges during adolescence, and varies by sex.   This proposal investigates the developmental time-course of the relationship among acute caffeine, risk taking, and sex.  The findings from this study will help elucidate basic mechanisms that underlie sex differences in the response to caffeine and, perhaps other drugs of abuse.  This will improve our ability to identify factors that place individuals at higher risk for drug use and abuse. This is an administrative supplement extending a grant awarded to Jennifer Temple (Associate Professor, Dept. of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences) by NIDA. The supplement, for which Kathleen Miller is Co-Investigator, is for $99,836 total costs  and runs from 5/1/14 to 2/28/2015.