Reaching Others University at Buffalo - The State University of New York
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Jaye L. Derrick, PhD

Jaye L. Derrick, PhD

Senior Research Scientist

Social-Personality Psychology

Research Assistant Professor, Community Health and Health Behavior

Research Assistant Professor, Psychology

Contact Information

Primary Research Areas

The influence of close relationships on self-regulation, well-being, health, health behaviors, and addictive behaviors; the influence of substance use on close relationship functioning and intimate partner aggression; daily diary and EMA research methods.

Partner Influence, Self-Control, and Smoking Cessation: A Study Using EMA

Derrick | Houston | Leonard | Lucke | Muraven
This project will study partner behaviors during a smoker’s attempt to quit in an effort to learn which behaviors most influence success.

Survey research has repeatedly shown that social support enhances smoking cessation. However, interventions designed to increase the provision of social support do not show consistent effects on smoking outcomes. This suggests that there is a disconnect between the behaviors that people self-report finding helpful for quitting smoking, and the behaviors that actually influence quitting smoking. This study employs a daily process approach to study partner behaviors during a smoker's quit attempt. Both the smoker and his or her partner will report in near-real time on their relationship functioning, mood, energy levels, and smoking urge and lapses for three weeks while one partner tries to quit smoking. Results will provide information on the partner behaviors that are most influential for successful smoking cessation. This information can be used to develop more successful interventions for smoking cessation in the future. Co-Investigators include Drs. Rebecca Houston, Kenneth Leonard, Joseph Lucke of RIA and Dr. Mark Muraven of the University at Albany. Funded by a grant of $430,483 from NIDA, 2012-2015.

Proximal Effects of Marijuana in Understanding Intimate Partner Violence

Testa | Derrick | Leonard | Collins
The acute effects of marijuana use within couples will be examined as a way of understanding the potential role of marijuana in understanding partner aggression, both immediately after use, and as it develops over time

Although marijuana is commonly believed to suppress aggression, surveys consistently reveal positive associations between marijuana use and perpetration of intimate partner violence. However, it is not known whether on a proximal, event level marijuana use results in affective, cognitive, or behavioral effects consistent with partner aggression. The current study addresses this gap with a 30 day, ecological momentary assessment (EMA) study of marijuana use and couple functioning in a sample of young couples in which one or both partners use marijuana. Couples will be followed for one year, to determine whether marijuana use or its immediate consequence influence relationship functioning and stability over time.  Dr.Testa's co-investigators include Drs. Jaye Derrick, Kenneth Leonard of RIA, and Lorraine Collins of the School of Public Health and Health Professions. Funded by a grant of $1,862,243 from NIDA, 2013-2017.

Peer Victimization as a Pathway to Adolescent Substance Use

Livingston | Miller | Testa | Derrick | Lucke | Nickerson
This research will examine the conditions under which bullying and sexual harassment among teens may contribute to emotional distress and the development of substance use.

Unfortunately, many youth experience abuse at the hands of their peers. Some experience few if any consequences, while for others, the consequences can be life-altering and severe. Little is known about the conditions under which peer victimization is most likely to cause harm and for whom. This research will examine the conditions under which peer victimization (i.e., bullying and peer sexual harassment) contributes to emotional distress and the development of substance use among adolescents, both acutely and over time.  A randomly selected sample of 13-15 year-old adolescents (N=950) will be recruited from the community to participate in a two-year longitudinal survey study of peer victimization, emotional adjustment, and substance use.  An 8-week daily process study will be embedded within the longitudinal survey to capture daily experiences of peer victimization and acute responses among a sub-sample of victimized students.  This multi-method approach will enable us to identify the circumstances under which peer victimization is deleterious and for whom, as well as potential protective factors that can be targeted for intervention.  Kathleen Miller, Maria Testa, Jaye Derrick, Joe Lucke and Amanda Nickerson (Alberti Center for Bullying Abuse Prevention, Graduate School of Education, UB) are the Co-Investigators on the study. Funded by a grant of $1.8 million from NIAAA, 2013-18.

Partner Influence and Self-Control: An Experimental Investigation

Derrick

This project will test people's ability to exert self-control after experiencing interference from their partner on individual goal pursuit. The study will use an experimental design to examine self-report, behavioral, and physiological indices of self-control after being interrupted by the partner during the completion of a primary task. Funded by RIA's Howard T. Blane Director’s Award for Development of Innovative Research in the Addictions (BDAA), 2013.