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Jaye L. Derrick, PhD

Jaye L. Derrick, PhD

Senior Research Scientist

Social-Personality Psychology

Research Assistant Professor, Community Health and Health Behavior

Research Assistant Professor, Psychology

Contact Information

1021 Main Street
Buffalo, NY  14203-1016
Phone: (716) 887-2227
Email: jderrick@ria.buffalo.edu

Google scholar page

Social Processes Lab

Primary Research Areas

The influence of close relationships on self-regulation, well-being, health, health behaviors, and addictive behaviors; the influence of substance use on close relationship functioning and intimate partner aggression; daily diary and EMA research methods.

Partner Influence, Self-Control, and Smoking Cessation: A Study Using EMA

Derrick | Houston | Leonard | Lucke | Muraven
This project studied partner behaviors during a smoker’s attempt to quit in an effort to learn which behaviors most influence success.

Survey research has repeatedly shown that social support enhances smoking cessation. However, interventions designed to increase the provision of social support do not show consistent effects on smoking outcomes. This suggests that there is a disconnect between the behaviors that people self-report finding helpful for quitting smoking, and the behaviors that actually influence quitting smoking. This study employed a daily process approach to study partner behaviors during a smoker's quit attempt. Both the smoker and his or her partner reported in near-real time on their relationship functioning, mood, energy levels, and smoking urge and lapses for three weeks while one partner tries to quit smoking. Results will provide information on the partner behaviors that are most influential for successful smoking cessation. This information can be used to develop more successful interventions for smoking cessation in the future. 

Principal Investigator
Jaye Derrick, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Co-Investigators
Rebecca Houston, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Kenneth Leonard, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Joseph Lucke, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Mark Muraven, PhD
University at Albany

Funding Agency
National Institute on Drugs and Alcohol (NIDA)

Grant Number
R21-DA034068

Dates
2012-2015

Identifying Sexual Assault Mechanisms among Diverse Women

Hequembourg | Livingston | Derrick | Collins
In this study, researchers will examine sexual identity differences in the mechanisms associated with sexual assault.

Sexual minority women (i.e., lesbian and bisexual; SMW) have been identified as a group at particularly high risk for experiencing sexual assault, yet our justice system often inadequately responds to their needs. Experiences of bias and stigma contribute to lower rates of sexual assault reporting by this population, resulting in victims with unmet needs and fewer criminal prosecutions of assault perpetrators. However, few empirical studies have systematically examined SMWs' risks for sexual assault, the nature of their assault experiences, and their post-assault experiences. In this study, we use Respondent-Driven Sampling procedures to recruit a community sample of 225 lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual women (75 each group; ages 18-35 years old) from the Buffalo, New York region to examine sexual identity differences in the mechanisms associated with sexual assault. Baseline self-administered survey data will allow us to determine sexual identity differences in the relationships among individual-level risk factors (i.e., childhood sexual abuse, perceived discrimination, sexual history, PTSD, substance use and related problems) and adult sexual assault. Data from daily diaries administered via the internet will allow us to determine sexual identity differences in the temporal relationship between sexual assault and various mechanisms that elevate sexual assault risks (e.g., substance use, micro-aggressions, sexual partners). Qualitative, face-to-face interviews will allow for the identification of sexual identity differences in the characteristics of, and mechanisms associated with women's sexual assault experiences, particularly women's resistance strategies; assault consequences; and post-assault disclosure, legal reporting, and informal and formal sources of support. These mixed method results will provide novel insights to develop and implement culturally-sensitive services to better address diverse women’s acute needs at the time of a sexual assault and to improve long-term responses from criminal justice systems, including law enforcement, victim services, and anti-violence programs that serve lesbian and bisexual women. 

Principal Investigator
Amy Hequembourg, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Co-Investigators
Jennifer A. Livingston, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Jaye Derrick, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

R. Lorraine Collins, PhD
Department of Community Health and Health Behavior
University at Buffalo

Funding Agency
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)

Grant Number
VACX-0067

Dates
2015-2017

Proximal Effects of Marijuana in Understanding Intimate Partner Violence

Testa | Derrick | Leonard | Collins
The acute effects of marijuana use within couples will be examined as a way of understanding the potential role of marijuana in understanding partner aggression, both immediately after use, and as it develops over time

Although marijuana is commonly believed to suppress aggression, surveys consistently reveal positive associations between marijuana use and perpetration of intimate partner violence. However, it is not known whether on a proximal, event level marijuana use results in affective, cognitive, or behavioral effects consistent with partner aggression. The current study addresses this gap with a 30 day, ecological momentary assessment (EMA) study of marijuana use and couple functioning in a sample of young couples in which one or both partners use marijuana. Couples will be followed for one year, to determine whether marijuana use or its immediate consequence influence relationship functioning and stability over time.

Principal Investigator
Maria Testa, PhD

Research Institute on Addictions

Co-Investigators
Jaye Derrick, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Kenneth Leonard, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

R. Lorraine Collins, PhD
Department of Community Health and Health Behavior
University at Buffalo

Funding Agency
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Grant Number
R01-DA033994

Dates
2013-2017

Peer Victimization as a Pathway to Adolescent Substance Use

Livingston | Miller | Testa | Derrick | Lucke | Nickerson
This research will examine the conditions under which bullying and sexual harassment among teens may contribute to emotional distress and the development of substance use.

Unfortunately, many youth experience abuse at the hands of their peers. Some experience few if any consequences, while for others, the consequences can be life-altering and severe. Little is known about the conditions under which peer victimization is most likely to cause harm and for whom. This research will examine the conditions under which peer victimization (i.e., bullying and peer sexual harassment) contributes to emotional distress and the development of substance use among adolescents, both acutely and over time.  A randomly selected sample of 13-15 year-old adolescents (N=950) will be recruited from the community to participate in a two-year longitudinal survey study of peer victimization, emotional adjustment, and substance use.  An 8-week daily process study will be embedded within the longitudinal survey to capture daily experiences of peer victimization and acute responses among a sub-sample of victimized students.  This multi-method approach will enable us to identify the circumstances under which peer victimization is deleterious and for whom, as well as potential protective factors that can be targeted for intervention.

Principal Investigator
Jennifer Livingston, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Co-Investigators
Kathleen Miller, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Maria Testa, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Jaye Derrick, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Joe Lucke, PhD
Research Institute on Addictions

Amanda Nickerson, PhD
Alberti Center for Bullying Abuse Prevention
University at Buffalo

Funding Agency
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)

Grant Number
R01-AA021169

Dates
2013-2018

Partner Influence and Self-Control: An Experimental Investigation

Derrick

This project will test people's ability to exert self-control after experiencing interference from their partner on individual goal pursuit. The study will use an experimental design to examine self-report, behavioral, and physiological indices of self-control after being interrupted by the partner during the completion of a primary task. Funded by RIA's Howard T. Blane Director’s Award for Development of Innovative Research in the Addictions (BDAA), 2013.