Reaching Others University at Buffalo - The State University of New York
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Grace M. Barnes, PhD

Grace M. Barnes, PhD

Senior Research Scientist

Sociology

Research Associate Professor, Sociology

Contact Information

1021 Main Street
Buffalo, NY  14203-1016
Phone: (716) 887-2505
Email: barnes@ria.buffalo.edu

Primary Research Areas

Alcohol, other substance use and gambling; adolescent and family issues; parenting; general population surveys.

Ecological and Sociocultural Influences on Native American Gambling and Alcohol Use

Barnes | Welte | Tidwell | Patterson | Spicer
Using national telephone survey data, this study will examine the effects of gambling availability and sociodemographic factors on the frequency of gambling and co-occurring alcohol abuse among Native Americans in the U.S.

Survey of Native American Gambling

In this newly funded national telephone survey of Native American adults, Drs. Barnes, and colleagues will examine the effects of gambling availability and sociodemographic actors on the frequency of gambling and co-occurring alcohol abuse among Native Americans in the U.S. The team of investigators working with Dr. Barnes includes Dr. John Welte and Dr. Marie Tidwell of the ongoing national study of gambling in the U.S., as well as two experts in Native American research, Dr. David Patterson, Silver Wolf (Adelv unegv Waya) of Washington University in St. Louis and Dr. Paul Spicer of the University of Oklahoma.). Funded by a grant of $416,063 from NIAAA, 2011-2014.

Problem Gambling — A Decade of Change

Welte | Barnes | Wieczorek
Data from this survey will be compared to a 2000 survey to analyze trends in gambling in the U.S. over the past decade.

Since Dr. John Welte’s National Survey of the Co-occurrence of Gambling and Substance Use in the U.S. in 2000, there has been rapid growth of both the public profile and availability of gambling in this country. In this newly funded national telephone survey of adults, Dr. Welte and colleagues will collect information about the respondents’ gambling and substance involvement, census data about the respondents’ neighborhoods, distances from the respondents' homes to gambling venues, and information about state gambling laws. This data will be combined with the data from the 2000 survey for the purpose of analyzing trends in gambling in the U.S. over the last decade among U.S. adults generally, as well as in relevant sub-groups of the population. The research team will examine the relationship between gambling trends and changes in state gambling laws, changes in the density of gambling facilities, changes in U.S. neighborhoods and changes in social approval of gambling. Additionally, they will examine forms of gambling that have recently grown in popularity, such as internet gambling, fantasy football and Texas Hold-em poker. This investigation will supply empirical data which are relevant to current controversies about gambling policy and liberalized gambling regulations in the U.S. Dr. Welte’s co-investigators on this research are Dr. Grace Barnes of RIA and Dr. William Wieczorek of Buffalo State College. Funded by a grant of $3,001,078 from NIAAA, 2009-2014.

Gambling and Substance Use Among Youth in the U.S.

National Survey of Youth and Gambling

The goals of this study were to examine the prevalence of pathological gambling among U.S. youth; the relationship of youth gambling to neighborhood characteristics and the availability of gambling opportunities; and the relationship of youth gambling to other problem behaviors. A telephone survey of 2,274 U.S. youth found problem gambling (gambling with three or more negative consequences) was occurring at a rate of 2.1 percent among youth between the ages of 14 and 21. That percentage projects to approximately 750,000 young problem gamblers nationwide. In addition, 11 percent of the youth surveyed gambled twice per week or more, a rate that describes frequent gambling. Sixty-eight percent of the youth interviewed reported that they had gambled at least once in the past year. The results were published in the June 2008 issue of the Journal of Gambling Studies. Funded by a grant of $1,827,000 from NIMH, 2003-2008.

Co-occurrence of Gambling and Substance Use in the United States

Welte | Barnes | Wieczorek

SOGUS logo

This study was a nationwide telephone Survey of Gambling in the United States (SOGUS) conducted in 1999-2000 with 2,631 U.S. adults. It included a geographic analysis using census data and the distances from the respondent’s home to gambling facilities such as casinos and tracks. It found a prevalence of pathological gambling of between one and two percent, and also found a very strong co-morbidity between gambling and alcohol pathologies. The study also found that respondents living in disadvantaged neighborhoods had a higher than average chance of being pathological gamblers, as did those who lived within 10 miles of a casino. Funded by a grant of $1,194,053 from NIAAA, 1998-2002.

Family and Adolescent Study

Barnes | Farrell

 A six-wave longitudinal study of family influences on the development of adolescent alcohol misuse has been carried out with funding from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Respondents in the general population of Western New York were first interviewed in 1989 and were re-interviewed at yearly intervals though 1996. Adolescents were 13-16 years old at wave one and 18-22 years old at wave six. The sample consisted of over 600 adolescents as well as mothers, fathers, and adolescent siblings. Later waves included an adolescent peer who was independently interviewed. Over 10,000 individual interviews were carried out with target adolescents and significant others over the course of six waves of data collection. Numerous presentations and publications have been completed. Key longitudinal analyses using six waves of data show that parenting practices, particularly, support and monitoring, influence the onset of alcohol misuse and the trajectory of alcohol misuse over the course of adolescence. Funded by grants of $3,148,373 from NIAAA, 1989-97.