Oral disease is highly prevalent among individuals undergoing inpatient treatment for alcohol dependence. This project consisted of two phases of research with this population. During phase one, a brief Motivational Oral and Dental Health Promotion intervention was developed with the goal of improving personal oral hygiene and utilization of community-based oral health preventive and treatment services. During phase two, a randomized pilot trial of the motivational intervention was conducted. The study was a collaboration between Drs. Kurt Dermen and Gerard Connors, RIA, and Dr. Sebastian Ciancio, UB School of Dental Medicine. Funded by a grant of $597,965 from NIDCR, 2005-2009.