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Expert Summaries

RIA Reaching Others

RIA Expert Summaries provide timely information on addictions and substance abuse topics. Each summary provides an overview of a problem area as well as researched-based suggestions on how to address it. The Expert Summaries are available for download in either HTML or PDF formats.

medical marijuana
1/22/14

The use of medical marijuana has elicited strong opinions on both sides of the debate.

‘Molly’ Who? The New Ecstasy
9/6/13

“Molly” has been making news lately. Bad news.

DMX (Cough Suppressant) Abuse
4/18/13

A dangerous chemical kick may be no farther away than your medicine cabinet… About one in 20 teens have gotten high on dextromethorphan (DXM) – the active ingredient in more than 100 over-the-counter (OTC) cold remedies like Robitussin, Coricidin, Vicks 44 and NyQuil, to name just a few.

Prescription Drug Abuse
12/13/12

Q:  What do pain killers, tranquilizers, and stimulant medications all have in common?

A:  Although prescribed legally by physicians, these three very different types of drugs are the most commonly abused classes of prescription drugs. Their abuse and the consequences of their abuse – treatment admissions, ER visits, and overdose deaths – have increased to an epidemic.

College Student Drinking
9/10/12

The “college years...” – for many, reflection on this time engenders thoughts of studying, new-found independence, and burgeoning responsibilities. Also, for many, reflection on this time includes remembrances of either initiating alcohol use or the escalation of drinking.

"Bath Salts"
8/7/12

“Bath salts” – and we're not speaking of the pleasant hygiene products purchased at your grocery store or local shopping mall – are a relatively new type of psychoactive drug containing synthetic stimulants. Bath salts are swallowed, snorted, or injected for the experience of a drug-induced high. These bath salts often contain the compounds MDPV (3,4-methylenedioxypryrovalerone) and/or mephedrone, known as synthetic cathinones. In appearance, they are an odorless, powdery substance, often white, tan, or brown, although they can also be a crystal, liquid, or tablet.

Gambling
4/24/12

From 1900-1960, Nevada was the only state with legalized gambling. Outside of Nevada, gambling translated to charity bingo, horse and dog tracks.

Energy Drinks
2/8/12

A seminal study at UB’s Research Institute on Addictions (RIA) reported that during the course of the year “15% of the U.S. workforce has used or been under the influence of alcohol at work.” This prevalence study of workforce-workplace substance use included data obtained from interviews with 2,800 employed adults, ages 18-65, who resided in the contiguous U.S. and District of Columbia between 2002-03.

Energy Drinks
12/15/11

Energy drinks are highly caffeinated beverages designed to provide a short-term energy boost. These drinks typically contain as much caffeine as a cup of coffee and three times as much as a standard soft drink, with some brands containing much higher doses. Energy drinks also contain sweeteners, amino acids such as taurine or l-carnitine, massive doses of B vitamins, and plant or herbal extracts such as gingko biloba, ginseng, or milk thistle. The potential interactions among these ingredients are not well understood.