Focus Area Lead

Michel Dupuis

Research Associate Professor

Chemical and Biological Engineering; Computational and Data-Enabled Science and Engineering

Professor Dupuis' Biography

Professor Michel Dupuis joined the Faculty of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering and the Computation and Data-Enabled Science & Engineering Program of the University at Buffalo (UB) in January 2015. Dupuis obtained a Diplome d’Ingenieur from the Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, in 1972 and a PhD in Theoretical Chemistry in 1976 from the Department of Chemistry at UB under the supervision of Professor H. F. King.  He worked at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, at IBM, and more recently at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory as a Laboratory Fellow. He is a Fellow of the APS, a Fellow of the AAAS, and a Member of the prestigious International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science IAQMS for his contributions to the development of Quantum Molecular Sciences. Over the years he has been involved in the development of widely-used quantum chemical methods and codes (HONDO, GAMESS, and NWChem) for electronic structure studies of molecules and materials. He is well known for their applications to ion and charge transport in complex molecular and solid state environments in new energy technologies of sun-to-fuels and fuels-to-electricity conversion. His research at UB is in the area of computation-enabled chemical and materials science and engineering, including solar energy conversion to electricity and to fuels. Michel Dupuis has authored and co-authored over 210 scientific papers with an H-index of ~ 52 and over ~ 21000 citations. He has also given over ~ 160 invited lectures at national and international meetings.

Conceptual overview of research

Sub-Area: Green Products and the Green Economy

From a research perspective, the goal of a greener economy to achieve economic sustainability – which in turn needs to the goals of social sustainability and environmental sustainability – calls for simultaneous focus on “greening” of the three key sides of any modern economic system – viz., its supply, demand, and governance sides. So, the overall scope of the proposed research program on advancing a greener economy can be conceptualized as in Figure 1. It recognizes that the paths to our economic sustainability goal will not emerge from the “hard technology” approaches from natural/applied sciences alone, but also through the “soft technology” approaches from social sciences. It will be the synergistic combination of both approaches that will drive the market outcomes with respect to our consumption, production and governance practices to be more aligned with a greener economy. For instance, designing and developing a “green” product that can be viable in the marketplace will need a comprehensive approach that integrates both the natural/applied sciences of functional design and energy technologies with the social sciences of consumers’ attitudes and behaviors with respect to their product preference, willingness to pay, usage and disposal, and how such behaviors can be “nudged” through formal and informal regulations like environmental laws and urban planning codes. So, from both conceptual and practical perspectives, a critical imperative for the proposed research program will be to have a strong interdisciplinary collaborative approach between natural/applied scientists and social scientists, who have traditionally specialized in only one of the three sides – supply, demand, or governance – of our economic system.

The design, development and marketing of green products that emphasize extending the product lifespan and closing the product lifecycle loop through promoting recovery activities such as reuse, remanufacture, refurbish and recycling. This research focal area is aligned with the recent global initiative by major developed economies to work towards creating a “circular economy (that) is a competitive resource-efficient industrial economy, in which more products are made out of secondary raw materials, waste is considered a valuable resource, and innovative business models retain physical goods longer and more efficiently in productive use [European Commission, 2015].” A key intellectual merit of our research initiatives in this area will be a strong inter-disciplinary approach that integrates relevant important insights from the disciplinary domains of consumer behavior and business strategy (School of Management) and of market governance through formal/informal regulations (Law School) with those from the traditional lead disciplinary domain of industrial/mechanical engineering (SEAS). 

Affiliated faculty related to design, development and marketing of green products:  S. Behdad (ME, ISE), E. Meidinger (Law), D. Talukdar (SOM), A. Anas (ECO), K. Friedman (UBRI, SA&P), A. Lakshmanan (SOM) and K. Lewis (ME).

Sub-Area Lead: Debu Talukdar

View the Focus Area Presentation at the RENEW Roll-Out Meeting on May 25th, 2016