New tool could help explain Earth’s changing biodiversity

biodiversity.

These maps show the distribution of tropical montane cloud forests, as estimated using cloud cover data from satellites. Satellites that observe the Earth provide many types of data about the planet’s ecosystems, and the Map Of Life will begin incorporating these data to improve geographic knowledge of where species live. Image: Adam Wilson and Walter Jetz, PLOS Biology, 2016

By CHARLOTTE HSU

 

As the Earth’s climate changes, shifting weather patterns will affect where plants and animals can live.

Some species — such as polar bears, frogs and even bumblebees — may see habitats shrink. Others may be forced to relocate to new environs.

To help us understand the massive changes underway, UB ecologist Adam Wilson is helping to develop a new tool for visualizing how plant and animal populations worldwide are responding to fluctuations in climate.

Wilson, assistant professor of geography in the College of Arts and Sciences, is working with the Map of Life, an online resource led by Yale University and the University of Florida. The platform currently enables everyone from schoolchildren to researchers to see where different species are located in the world — where plants and animals have been observed on every continent, and how far their habitats extend.

The Map of Life team wants to expand the system to include environmental and climatic data so that users can visualize and analyze links between climate and habitat change on the level of individual species.

Wilson is playing a key role in this project: He is developing models that will enable the Map of Life team to integrate weather observations, such as rainfall, temperature and cloud cover patterns, into the platform, making this data mappable and searchable.

 

Published September 28, 2017

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