A Vote of ‘No Confidence’? Why Local Governments Take Action in Response to Shale Gas Development
Why has a local response to high volume hydraulic fracturing (HVHF) shale gas development emerged? To understand why many New York communities have moved to exercise local authority or “home rule” over natural gas development, we examine how they came to understand (1) the risks attendant to HVHF, and (2) their strategic and regulatory options. An answer to these questions looks at the concerns that have framed the public discussion, and at how key local actors evaluated industry and state government willingness or capacity to address those concerns.