Visiting Scholars


Current Visiting Scholars

Past Visiting Scholars

Visiting Scholars are guests from other universities, research, and policy institutions, sometimes in other countries, who are conducting law related research at the Baldy Center. They have access to University research resources and participate in workshops and conferences at the Baldy Center, School of Law, and other units of the University. The Baldy Center welcomes expressions of interest from all interested scholars and does its best to accommodate researchers whose interests complement those of UB faculty or address significant problems in law and social policy.

Current Visiting Scholars

Charles J. Whalen.

Charles J. Whalen

Charles J. Whalen, 2018 -

Charles J. Whalen, an economist with a career spanning three decades, has contributed to national economic policy discussions, equitable regional development, and business success based on employee involvement. He recently served six years in the Macroeconomic Analysis Division of the Congressional Budget Office (CBO), where his contributions to reports and congressional testimony—on the slow growth of the U.S. economy, labor market challenges, and the economic effects of fiscal policy—were recognized by the agency’s highest honor, the CBO Director’s Award.


Prior to working at CBO, Charles served in academia, holding positions at Hobart & William Smith Colleges, the Levy Economics Institute of Bard College (where he partnered with Hyman Minsky), Cornell University, Zhongshan University in China (as a Fulbright professor), and most recently as professor of economics and executive director of business and economics programs at Utica College (which was then affiliated with Syracuse University). Skilled at writing about the economy, Charles also worked as associate economics editor at BusinessWeek during the waning days of the dot-com boom and was the first commentator to call for a tax rebate to stimulate the sluggish economy in early 2001.

Charles has a solid record of scholarship in three broad areas: 1) fostering and sustaining U.S. economic growth and prosperity; 2) facilitating enterprise success and regional development by means of organizational change and stakeholder collaboration; and 3) exploring the contours of a more pluralistic economics, with special attention to the role of the state in the economy. His current research applies institutional law and economics to analyze America’s decades-long “silent depression,” characterized by widespread income stagnation, and to examine potential paths to a more sustainable prosperity.

Charles is a broadly trained economist, and his professional engagement is an expression of his interdisciplinary orientation. He holds a Ph.D. in economics from The University of Texas at Austin (where his dissertation was supervised by former U.S. Labor Secretary Ray Marshall of the LBJ School of Public Affairs) and a B.S. in industrial and labor relations from Cornell University. Since the 1980s, he has been active in the Labor and Employment Relations Association (LERA) and the Association for Evolutionary Economics (AFEE). In 2013, he received LERA’s Outstanding Practitioner Award (for contributions to research and practice in the field of employment relations); and in 2016, he was nominated to run unopposed as president-elect of AFEE. For over a decade, Charles has participated in the annual meetings of the Association of American Law Schools (Section on Socioeconomics) and law and economics workshops at law schools at the University of California (Berkeley), Georgetown University, and University at Buffalo (Baldy Center, May 2010). He has published in the Chapman Law Review.

Charles’s books include: Financial Instability and Economic Security after the Great Recession (Edward Elgar, 2011) and Political Economy for the 21st Century (M.E. Sharpe, 1996).

Recent refereed publications include:

  •  “Post-Keynesian Economics: A Pluralistic Alternative to Conventional Economics,” International Journal of Pluralism and Economics Education Vol. 7, No. 1 (Spring 2016), pp. 23-38, commissioned for a series on pluralism and schools of economic thought;
  • “The Fiscal Multiplier and Economic Policy Analysis in the United States,” with F. Reichling, Contemporary Economic Policy Vol. 22, No. 4 (October 2015), pp. 735-746;
  • “Post-Keynesian Institutionalism after the Great Recession,” European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies Vol. 10, No. 1 (Spring 2013), pp. 12-27, lead article in a special issue on post-Keynesian and institutional political economy;
  • "Union Engagement in Western New York Economic Development: An Institutional Analysis,” Advances in Industrial and Labor Relations Vol. 18 (2011), pp. 177-213, winner of the publication’s annual Best Paper competition, co-sponsored by the Labor and Employment Relations Association;
  • “Minsky Goes to Buffalo—and Takes on the Economics Establishment,” Forum for Social Economics Vol. 40, No. 2 (Spring 2011), pp. 273-280; and
  • “Financialization and Income Inequality: A Post-Keynesian Institutionalist Analysis,” with D.A. Zalewski, Journal of Economic Issues Vol. 44, No. 3 (September 2010), pp. 757-777.
Amanda Hughett.

Amanda Hughett

Hughett's paper, "'A Hazardous Enterprise': Prisoners' Rights Lawyers' Quest for Justice Beyond the Courtroom"
was presented at the Baldy Center on November 10, 2017.

Amanda Hughett, Spring 2019

Spring 2019

Amanda Hughett, Baldy Center Postdoctoral Fellow,2017-18, was previously a Law and Social Sciences Doctoral Fellow at the American Bar Foundation. Earning a Ph.D. in History at Duke University, August 2017, her dissertation documents how civil liberties lawyers’ efforts to secure procedural protections for inmates during the 1970s unintentionally undermined imprisoned activists’ ability to organize and to secure more substantive victories. It begins by tracing the emergence of a surprisingly successful interracial movement to unionize incarcerated workers in North Carolina and across the nation. The project then reveals how prison administrators who at first opposed procedural protections for inmates used them, once created, to defeat prisoners’ more sweeping demands by portraying their institutions as modern bureaucracies that complied with the rule of law.

In so doing, Hughett's work illuminates the limitations of individual rights claims in the postwar era while helping to explain why American prisons continue to punish more harshly than their counterparts in any Western country. At the Baldy Center, Amanda will revise her dissertation into a book manuscript tentatively titled Silencing the Cell Block: The Making of Modern Prison Policy in North Carolina and the Nation.

Past Visiting Scholars

Catherine R. Connolly.

Catherine R. Connolly


Catherine R. Connolly

Professor Catherine Connolly (Senior Fellow, 2016-17) is Professor of Gender and Women’s Studies at the University of Wyoming (UW), where she served nine years as the department director.  Dr. Connolly earned a J.D. (cum laude, 1991) and a Ph.D. (Sociology, 1992) from the University at Buffalo. As a graduate student at UB, she was a Baldy Center fellow.


Always with an eye on social justice, Dr. Connolly’s research focuses on inequality and institutions, particularly the role of the state.  She published an article in the Wyoming Law Review (2011, Vol 11(1), pp. 125-63), “Gay Rights in Wyoming:  A Review of Federal and State Law,” with updated information in an invited book chapter, A Proud Heritage:  People, Issues and Documents of the LGBT Experience, Stewart, C, Ed. Santa Barbara:  ABC-CLIO; pp. 1237-46. She has published several policy papers on the economic status of women in Wyoming, the most recent, “The Wage Gap between Wyoming’s Men and Women: 2015” can be accessed through the Wyoming Women’s Foundation. In addition, Dr.  Connolly has won recognition for her teaching with college-level extraordinary merit awards and with recognition by graduating classes.

In 2008, Dr. Connolly was elected to serve in the Wyoming House of Representatives and continues to do so.  In this capacity, she currently serves on the Appropriations committee as well as several select committees. She has also served in caucus leadership, as well as on the Education, Judiciary, and Travel, Recreation, Wildlife and Cultural Resources committees.   Connolly  has been a strong advocate for prudent investment in social programs and for advancing women in leadership.  She is up for re-election in 2016.

Dr. Connolly is involved in two current research projects.  The first is an examination of the paths to serving and experiences of lesbians in elected office.  Using an intersectional lens, this work expands the existing literature on the relationship between descriptive and substantive representation in politics by including lesbians and queer women.

The second is Pathways from Prison, a collaborative project with faculty, students, and community members in conjunction with the state Department of Corrections .  We have interviewed over 70 currently and formerly incarcerated women with felony convictions regarding their experiences at the only prison in Wyoming for women, especially as related to successful transitioning in the state upon release.  This work has resulted in a policy paper to the DOC, and a book manuscript is in progress.

Recent publications:

2016 The Wage Gap between Wyoming’s Men and Women: 2016, Wyoming Women’s Foundation (35pp.)

2015 with Susan Dewey, Bonnie Zare, Rhett Epler, & Rosemary Bratton, Findings from the “Pathways from Prison” Study. 2015, Report to the Wyoming Department of Corrections.

2015 Gay Rights in Wyoming, invited book chapter, A Proud Heritage: People, Issues and Documents of the LGBT Experience, Stewart, C, Ed.. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO; pp. 1237-46.

2015 with Aimee Van Cleave and Melanie Vigil. Gay Rights in New Mexico invited book chapter, A Proud Heritage: People, Issues and Documents of the LGBT Experience, Stewart, C, Ed.. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO; pp. 1090-1100.

2011 “Gay Rights in Wyoming: A Review of Federal and State Law.” Wyoming Law Review, Vol. 11(1), pp. 125-63.

2010 with Katrina Brown. “The Role of Law in Promoting Women in Elite Athletics: An Examination of Four Nations.” International Review for the Sociology of Sport, Vol. 45, No.1, pp. 3-22.

2009 “Gay and Lesbian Families Around the Globe: An examination of gender, citizenship and the law,” in Genero, Ciudadania y Globalizacion (eds. Mar Gallego Duran, Rosa Garcia Gutierrez, and Rosa Giles Carnero), Ediciones Alfar, Sevilla, Spain, pp. 233-249.

Amber Meadow Adams.

Fall 2015

Amber Meadow Adams

Amber Meadow Adams holds a Ph.D. in American Studies from the University at Buffalo and a B.A. in Literature and Writing from Columbia University. Her work includes scholarship on Haudenosaunee narrative, ecology, and language, most recently as a Visiting Scholar at Cornell’s American Indian Program. She has been a consultant for the Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs, Deyohahá🇬🇪 Indigenous Knowledge Centre, and the Schoodic Band of the Passamaquoddy Nation. During her time at the Baldy Center, she will complete archival research and begin translation work with primary documents on the legal-economic matrices of women’s roles within traditional Haudenosaunee government.

Jennifer S. Hunt.

Fall 2015-Spring 2018

Jennifer S. Hunt

Jennifer S. Hunt is an Associate Professor of Psychology at SUNY Buffalo State College, where she recently completed a six year term as Coordinator of the Women and Gender Studies program. She previously has been on the faculty at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Jenn’s research uses empirical social psychology to examine how race, ethnicity, and culture impact juror decision making, leading to discrimination in legal outcomes, as well as influence jurors’ participation and behavior during deliberation. In addition, her work examines jurors’ use of character evidence, revealing that jurors often misuse this information in ways that are detrimental to defendants.


Jenn also conducts some basic social psychological research on gender ideology, influences on gender development, and stereotype processes. Her work has been published in a number of journals and books and been funded by the National Science Foundation. Jenn earned her Ph.D. in Social Psychology with a minor in Law in the University of Minnesota in 2001. Jenn is active in the American Psychology-Law Society and recently was elected to its executive committee as a member-at-large. She serves on the editorial board of Law and Human Behavior. In 2012, she was awarded the Action Teaching Award from the Social Psychology Network.

Recent publications include:

Hunt, J.S. (in press). Race, ethnicity, and culture in jury decision making. Article to appear in Annual Review of Law and Social Science (Vol. 11).

Hunt, J.S. (2015). Race in the justice system. In B.L. Cutler & P.A. Zapf (Eds.), APA handbook of forensic psychology (Vol. 2, pp. 125-161). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association

Hunt, J.S., Girvan, E.J., Deason, G., & Borgida, E. (2013). Gender stereotyping. In J. Sanders, D.L. Faigman, E. Cheng, J. Mnookin, E. Murphy, & J. Blumenthal (Eds.), Modern scientific evidence: The law and science of expert testimony (2012-2013 ed., pp. 707-775). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.

Maeder, E.M., & Hunt, J.S. (2011). Talking about a Black man: The influence of defendant and character witness race on juror’s use of character evidence. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 29, 608-620.

Adam Wolkoff.

Fall 2015

Adam Wolkoff

Adam Wolkoff is a legal historian and attorney who practices labor and employment law at the firm of Bartlo, Hettler, Weiss & Tripi in Kenmore, New York. He is currently working on a project investigating social practices, court cases, and legislative debates arising from landlord-tenant relationships in the Old and New South and in other regions of the long nineteenth century United States.


Adam explores how the institution’s structures emerged from above and below: from thousands of decisions by politicians, judges, and attorneys; from the demands of white men of small property; and, from the legal and extralegal maneuvers of freedpeople, single women, and immigrants who depended on renting to secure a measure of independence.

Adam earned a Ph.D in American history and African American history from Rutgers University-New Brunswick in 2015, a J.D. from the University of Connecticut School of Law in 2008, and a B.A. in history from Columbia University in 2004. He has taught American history and environmental history at Rutgers University-Newark and the New Jersey Institute of Technology. His publications include:

“A Crisis of Legitimacy: Defining the Boundaries of Kinship in the Low Country during the Early Republic,” Journal of the Early Republic, vol. 35, no. 1 (2015): 55-77.

“Race, Ethnicity, and the Homestead Act of 1862,” Multicultural America: A Multimedia Encyclopedia (SAGE, 2013).

“The Risks and Rewards of Resident Curatorships,” Environmental Law Reporter, vol. 38, no. 5 (2008): 10005-17.

“Creating a Suburban Ghetto: Public Housing at New Haven's West Rock,” Connecticut History, vol. 45, no. 1 (2006): 56-93.

Kennedy Gastorn.

Kennedy Gastorn


Kennedy Gastorn

Kennedy Gastorn teaches law in the Department of Public Law at the University of Dar es Salaam School of Law, Tanzania, he is a co-founder and Coordinator of the Tanzanian-German Centre for Eastern African Legal Studies at the University of Dar es Salaam. He is also a Member of the National Environment Advisory Council (2012 – 2015) in the Vice President’s Office, United Republic of Tanzania, and anAdvocate of the High Court of Tanzania, Notary Public and Commissioner for Oaths with a right of audience at the East Africa Court of Justice. From 2012 he also served as chairperson of the East African Committee of the Tanganyika Law Society, the National Bar Association. In this capacity, he advised the Ministry for East African Cooperation in legal matters pertaining to the East African Community. From 2012 to 2014 he also served as a National Coordinator of the Legal Sector Working Group (Development Partners) supporting the Legal Sector Reform Programme in Tanzania, based at the Canadian High Commission.

His areas of expertise and interest include regional integration law, land law, law reform, family law, environmental law and constitutional law. Kennedy holds an LL.B(Hons), LL.M from the University of Dar es Salaam, and a Dr. jurfrom the University of Bayreuth in Germany.

He is currently a Fulbright scholar researching on the ‘The Efficacy of the East African Community Regime for Peace and Security in the Region’. In this context, he will be examining the recently concluded Protocols guiding cooperation in peace and security within the region and contemplates its efficacy to the existing and evolving security threats in the region, borrowing experiences from other similar regional frameworks, especially the SADC, ECOWAS and the African Union Peace and Security Architecture.

His recent publications in the area of regional integration in Africa include: Cross Border Legal Practice in the East African Community: Prospects and Challenges from the Tanzanian Position (2013); Constitutional Reform Processes and Integration of East Africa, (editor, et al),(2013); The Legal Analysis of the Common Market of the East African Community as Market Freedoms in the Open Market Economy” (2011); and Processes of Legal Integration in the East African Community (editor, et al), (2011).